Click the number at the start of a key lead to highlight both that lead and its corresponding lead. Click again to show only the two highlighted leads. Click a third time to return to the full key with the selected leads still highlighted.
..2 Stems zigzag
..2 Stems straight
....3 Leaves strictly opposite, oblique or inequilateral at base; branches prostrate (less usually erect); [subgenus Chamaesyce; section Anisophyllum]
......4 Bracteal leaves lobed or toothed (rarely linear), usually marked with red or white at the base or purple-spotted; glands of the cyathia usually 1 (rarely more), bilabiate, lacking petaloid appendages; [subgenus Chamaesyce; section Poinsettia]
........5 Glands of the cyathia 5 (or 7-10 on the central cyathium in E. pubentissima), with petaloid appendages 0.1-5.0 mm long (measured along a radius), these white, maroon, red, pink, or green; stipules present, glandlike, often minute; [subgenus Chamaesyce; section Alectoroctonum]
..........6 Ovary and capsule subtended by a calyx-like structure; seeds without caruncles; involucral gland appendages absent; [subgenus Euphorbia; section Nummulariopsis]
..........6 Ovary and capsule not subtended by a calyx-like structure; seeds with caruncles; involucral gland appendages hornlike or absent; [subgenus Esula]