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For Cynanchum

Endress, M.E., U. Meve, D.J. Middleton, and S. Liede-Schumann. 2018. Apocynaceae. In Kadereit, J., & V. Bittrich. 2018. The families and genera of flowering plants. XV. Flowering plants. Eudicots. Apiales, Gentianales (except Rubiaceae). Springer, Cham.

Fishbein, M. 2023b. Cynanchum. In Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2023c. Flora of North America north of Mexico. Volume 14, Magnoliophyta: Gentianaceae to Hydroleaceae. Oxford Univ. Press, New York, NY. 505 pp.

Krings, A. 2001. Neotypification of Enslenia albida and a new combination in Ampelamus for Cynanchum laeve (Apocynaceae). Sida 19: 925-929.

Liede, S. 1997a. Subtribes and genera of the tribe Asclepiadaceae (Apocynaceae, Asclepiadoideae) – a synopsis. Taxon 46: 233-247.

Liede, S. 1997b. American Cynanchum (Asclepiadaceae) – a preliminary infrageneric classification. Novon 7: 172-181.

Liede, S., and A. Täuber. 2002. Circumscription of the genus Cynanchum (Apocynaceae – Asclepiadoideae). Systematic Botany 27: 789-800.

Liede, S., and U. Meve. 1997. Some clarifications, new species, and new combinations in American Cynanchinae (Asclepiadaceae). Novon 7: 38-45.

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