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Bodkin, N.L., and J.L. Reveal. 1982. A new variety of Trillium pusillum (Liliaceae) from the Virginias. Brittonia 34: 141-143.

Bodkin, N.L., and J.L. Reveal. 1983. A new population of Trillium pusillum var. monticulum Bodkin and Reveal (Liliaceae). Castanea 48: 155-157.

Care, F.W., Jr. 2002. Trillium. In Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2002a. Flora of North America north of Mexico. Volume 26, Magnoliophyta: Liliidae: Liliales and Orchidales. Oxford Univ. Press, New York, NY. 723 pp.

Case, F.W., and R.B. Case. 1997. Trilliums. Timber Press, Portland, OR. 285 pp.

Chase, M.W., D.E. Soltis, P.S. Soltis, P.J. Rudall, M.F. Fay, W.H. Hahn, S. Sullivan, J. Joseph, M. Molvray, P.J. Kores, T.J. Givnish, K.J. Sytsma, and J.C. Pires. 2000. Higher-level systematics of the monocotyledons: an assessment of current knowledge and a new classification. In: K.L. Wilson & D. A. Morrison, eds., Monocots: systematics and evolution. CSIRO, Melbourne.

Farmer, S.B., and E.E. Schilling. 2002. Phylogenetic analyses of Trilliaceae based on morphological and molecular data. Systematic Botany 27: 674-692.

Floden, A.J., and W.M. Knapp. 2023. Typification of the North American species of Trillium subg. Trillium (Melanthiaceae: Parideae). Phytotaxa 599(3): 193-200.

Freeman, J.D. 1975. Revision of Trillium subgenus Phyllantherum (Liliaceae). Brittonia 27: 1-62.

Gaddy, L.L. 2008. A new sessile-flowered Trillium (Liliaceae: subgenus Phyllantherum) from South Carolina. Phytologia 90: 382-390.

Kato, H., S. Kawano, R. Terauchi, M. Ohara, and F.H. Utech. 1995. Evolutionary biology of Trillium and related genera (Trilliaceae). I. Restriction site mapping and variation of chloroplast DNA and its systematic implications. Plant Species Biol. 10: 17-29.

Kawano, S., and H. Kato. 1995. Evolutionary biology of Trillium and related genera (Trilliaceae). II. Cladistic analyses on gross morphological characters, and phylogeny and evolution of the genus Trillium. Plant Species Biol. 10: 169-183.

Lampley, J.A. 2021. A systematic and biogeographic study of Trillium (Melanthiaceae). PhD dissertation, University of Tennessee.

Lampley, J.A., R. Gereau, A. Floden, and E.E. Schilling. 2022. A revised subgeneric classification of Trillium (Parideae, Melanthiaceae). Phytotaxa 552(5): 278-286.

Mitchell, R.J. 1990. Trillium. Part 4 – the pedicellate species of eastern North America. The Plantsman 12: 44-60.

Patrick, T.S. 1986. The trilliums of eastern North America. Published privately by the author, Social Circle, GA.

Patrick, T.S. 1989. Trillium. In Wofford, B.E. 1989. Guide to the vascular plants of the Blue Ridge. Univ. of Georgia Press, Athens, GA.

Patrick, T.S. 2007. Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia 22: 3-22.

Schilling, E.E., A.J. Floden, and S.B. Farmer. 2013. A new sessile-flowered Trillium species from Tennessee. Castanea 78: 140-147.

Schilling, E.E., A.J. Floden, J. Lampley, T.S. Patrick, and S.B. Farmer. 2017. A new species in Trillium subgen. Delostylis (Melanthiaceae, Paridae). Phytotaxa 296 (3): 287-291.

Schilling, E.E., A.J. Floden, J. Lampley, T.S. Patrick, and S.B. Farmer. 2019a. A new species of Trillium (Melanthiaceae) from central Georgia and its phylogenetic position in subgenus Sessilium. Syst. Bot. 44: 107-114.

Tamura, M.N., J. Yamashita, S. Fuse, and M. Haraguchi. 2004. Molecular phylogeny of monocotyledons inferred from combined analysis of plastid matK and rbcL gene sequences. J. Plant Res. 117: 109-120.

Tamura. 1998. In Kubitzki, K., ed. 1998a. The families and genera of vascular plants. III. Flowering plants – Monocotyledons – Lilianae (except Orchidaceae). Springer, Berlin. 478 pp.

Timmerman-Erskine, M., R.R. Dute, and R.S. Boyd. 2002. Morphometric analysis of the Trillium pusillum Michaux complex (Trilliaceae) of the southeastern United States. Castanea 67: 109-119.

Zomlefer, W.B. 1996. The Trilliaceae in the southeastern United States. Harvard Papers in Botany 1: 91-120.

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