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References

For Araceae

Angiosperm Phylogeny Group IV. 2016. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification of the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 2016.

Bown, D. 2000. Aroids: plants of the Arum Family. Timber Press, Portland, OR. 392 pp.

Cabrera, L.I., G.A. Salazar, M.W. Chase, S.J. Mayo, J. Bogner, and P. Dávila. 2008. Phylogenetic relationships of aroids and duckweeds (Araceae) inferred from coding and noncoding plastid DNA. Amer. J. Bot. 95: 1153-1165.

Cusimano, N., J. Bogner, S.J. Mayo, P.C. Boyce, S.Y. Wong, M. Hesse, W.L.A. Hetterscheid, R.C. Ketaing, and J.C. French. 2011. Relationships within the Araceae: comparison of morphological patterns with molecular phylogenies. Amer. J. Bot. 98: 654-668.

Hoang, P.T.N., J. Fuchs, V. Schubert, T.B.N. Tran, and I. Schubert. 2022. Chromosome numbers and genome sizes of all 36 duckweed species (Lemnaceae). Plants 11: 2674.

Keating, R.C. 2004. Vegetative anatomical data and its relationship to a revised classification of the genera of the Araceae. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 91: 485-494.

Landolt In Kubitzki, K., ed. 1998b. The families and genera of vascular plants. IV. Flowering plants – Monocotyledons – Alismatanae and Commelinanae (except Gramineae). Springer, Berlin. 511 pp.

Landolt, E. 1980. Key to the determination of taxa within the family of Lemnaceae. Veröffentlichungen des Geobotanischen Institutes der Eidg. Techn. Hochschule, Stiftung Rübel, Zürich 70: 13-21.

Landolt, E. 1986. The family of Lemnaceae – a monographic study. Veröffentlichungen des Geobotanischen Institutes der Eidg. Techn. Hochschule, Stiftung Rübel, Zürich 71: 1-566.

Landolt, E. 2000. Lemnaceae. In Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2000. Flora of North America north of Mexico. Volume 22, Magnoliophyta: Alismatidae, Arecidae, Commelinidae (in part), and Zingiberidae. Oxford Univ. Press, New York, NY. 352 pp.

Lee, J.S., S.‐H. Kim, S. Lee, M. Maki, K. Otsuka, A.E. Kozhevnikov, Z.V. Kozhevnikova, J. Wen, and S.‐C. Kim. 2019. New insights into the phylogeny and biogeography of subfamily Orontioideae (Araceae). J. Syst. Evol. 57: 616-632.

Les, D.H., and D.J. Crawford. 1999. Landoltia (Lemnaceae), a new genus of duckweeds. Novon 9: 530-533.

Les, D.H., D.J. Crawford, E. Landolt, J.D. Gabel, and R.T. Kimball. 2002. Phylogeny and systematics of Lemnaceae, the Duckweed Family. Syst. Bot. 27(2): 221-240.

Mayo, Bogner, & Boyce In Kubitzki, K., ed. 1998b. The families and genera of vascular plants. IV. Flowering plants – Monocotyledons – Alismatanae and Commelinanae (except Gramineae). Springer, Berlin. 511 pp.

Nauheimer, L., D. Metzler, and S.S. Renner. 2012. Global history of the ancient monocot family Araceae inferred with models accounting for past continental positions and previous ranges based on fossils. New Phytologist 195: 938-950.

Nie, Z.-L., H. Sun, H. Li, and J. Wen. 2006. Intercontinental biogeography of subfamily Orontioideae (Symplocarpus, Lysichiton, and Orontium) of Araceae in eastern Asia and North America. Molec. Phylogenetics & Evol. 40: 155-165.

Serviss, B.E., S.T. McDaniel, and C.T. Bryson. 2000. Occurrence, distribution, and ecology of Alocasia, Caladium, Colocasia, and Xanthosoma (Araceae) in the southeastern United States. Sida 19: 149-174.

Thompson, S.A. 2000b. Araceae. In Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2000. Flora of North America north of Mexico. Volume 22, Magnoliophyta: Alismatidae, Arecidae, Commelinidae (in part), and Zingiberidae. Oxford Univ. Press, New York, NY. 352 pp.

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