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Betula papyrifera Marshall. Paper Birch, Canoe Birch, White Birch. Hab: Dry soils, in VA especially on quartzite on the western flank of the Blue Ridge, and on sandstone talus in the Ridge and Valley. Dist: NL (Newfoundland), NL (Labrador) and AK, south to NJ, WV (Vanderhorst et al. 2019), w. VA, OH, IN, IL, IA, NE, CO, and BC.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Taxonomy Comments: A hexaploid species (2n=6x=84).

Synonymy: = FNA3, G, Il, Mi, NE, NY, WV, Ashburner & McAllister (2016), Furlow (1990), Hardin (1971a); = Betula papyrifera Marshall var. papyrifera – C, F, GrPl, K1, W; >< Betula cordifolia Regel – Va, misidentified; < Betula papyrifera Marshall – Pa; > Betula papyrifera Marshall var. commutata (Regel) Fernald – F; > Betula papyrifera Marshall var. elobata (Fernald) Sarg. – F; > Betula papyrifera Marshall var. macrostachya Fernald – F; > Betula papyrifera Marshall var. papyrifera – K3; > Betula papyrifera Marshall var. pensilis Fernald – F

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FACU
  • Great Plains: FACU
  • Midwest: FACU
  • Northcentral & Northeast: FACU

Heliophily ?: 4

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image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Erik Danielson source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Erik Danielson source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming
image of plant© Erik Danielson source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming
image of plant© Erik Danielson source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Betula papyrifera, Snowy Mountain, Adirondack Park, Hamilton County, New York 1 by Alan Cressler source

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