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Frangula caroliniana (Walter) A. Gray. Carolina Buckthorn, Indian-cherry. Phen: May-Jun. Hab: Dry to moist barrens, woodlands, and forests, Coastal Plain limestone bluffs and shell middens, especially over mafic or calcareous rocks. Dist: Sw. VA west to s. OH and s. MO, south to c. peninsular FL and TX.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Synonymy: = Ar, FNA12, K1, K3, K4, NcTx, Va; = Rhamnus caroliniana Walter – RAB, S, Tn, Tx, W, WH3; > Frangula caroliniana (Walter) A.Gray var. caroliniana – Il; > Frangula caroliniana (Walter) A.Gray var. mollis (Fernald) Mohlenbr., – Il; > Rhamnus caroliniana Walter var. caroliniana – C, F, G, Brizicky (1964a); > Rhamnus caroliniana Walter var. mollis Fernald – C, F, G, Brizicky (1964a)

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image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Frangula caroliniana (Rhamnus caroliniana), Sauta Cave National Wildlife Refuge, Jackson County, Alabama 1 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
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