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Liriodendron tulipifera Linnaeus var. 1 . Coastal Plain Tulip-tree, Southern Yellow Poplar. Phen: Apr-Jun; Sep-Oct. Hab: Streamhead pocosins, pineland seepage swamps, small blackwater stream swamps. Dist: Sc. and se. NC south to Panhandle FL, west to s. MS.

ID notes: Fall color light yellow.

Origin/Endemic status: Endemic

Taxonomy Comments: Under study by Fetter, Weakley, & Poindexter (in prep.).

Other Comments: Its occurrence in fire-maintained, acid soil habitats in the Coastal Plain is surprising to people used to Liriodendron as a tree of mesic, rich soil forests with little or no fire. This variety is, however, a typical species of streamhead pocosins in the fall-line sandhills, growing with Pinus serotina, Nyssa biflora, and Acer rubrum, and often with scorch marks twenty feet up the trunk.

Synonymy: = Fetter, Weakley, & Poindexter () (in prep); < Liriodendron tulipifera L. – Fl2, FNA3, GW2, K1, K3, RAB, S, S13, WH3; >< Liriodendron tulipifera L. var. obtusiloba Michx. – K4; >< Liriodendron tulipifera L. var. tulipifera – K4

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FACU (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Great Plains: FACU (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Midwest: FACU (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Northcentral & Northeast: FACU (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)

Heliophily ?: 4

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image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Liriodendron tulipifera var. 1, Seep Bogs, Escambia County, Alabama 1 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷

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