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Zizania aquatica Linnaeus var. aquatica . Southern Wild-rice. Phen: May-Oct (-Apr, southwards). Hab: Freshwater marshes, usually tidal. Dist: Var. aquatica ranges from ME west to WI, south to c. peninsular FL and LA.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Taxonomy Comments: Var. brevis Fassett is restricted to the St. Lawrence River in QC.

Other Comments: Zizania was formerly an important food for Amerindians; it is now gathered as a specialty grain, commanding high prices.

Synonymy: = C, F, FNA24, G, HC, K1, K3, K4, NE, NY, Va, Judziewicz et al (2000), Terrell et al (1997), Tucker (1988); < Zizania aquatica L. – FlGr, GW1, Il, Mi, Pa, RAB, S, S13, Tat, WH3

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: OBL (name change)
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: OBL (name change)
  • Great Plains: OBL (name change)
  • Midwest: OBL (name change)
  • Northcentral & Northeast: OBL (name change)

Heliophily: 9

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image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷

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