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Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch. Section: Apocarya. Pecan, Nogal Morado, Nuez Encarcelada, Nuez Pecana. Phen: Apr-May; Oct. Hab: Bottomland forests, hardwood flatwoods, swamps, margins of fields, pastures, often along larger rivers; eastwards (out of native range) introduced and persistent around dwellings and in pecan orchards, escaped to suburban woodlands, rural forest edges and floodplains, also commonly cultivated. Dist: Sw. OH, IN, IL, e. IA south to AL, MS, LA, TX, and widespread in Mexico; now also widely spread eastwards as a result of cultivation.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Synonymy: = C, Fl2, FNA3, Il, K1, K3, K4, Mex, NcTx, Tn, Tx, Va, WH3; = Carya illinoensis – F, G, GrPl, GW2, RAB, orthographic variant; = n/a – Tat; > Hicoria pecan (Marshall) Britton – S, S13; > Hicoria texana Leconte – S, S13

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FACU
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FACU
  • Great Plains: FAC
  • Midwest: FACW
  • Northcentral & Northeast: FACW

Heliophily ?: 5

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image of plant© Keith Bradley | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© J.W. Hardin | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Keith Bradley | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷

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