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Helianthus verticillatus Small. Whorled Sunflower. Phen: Aug-Oct. Hab: Seasonally wet to moist calcareous prairies. Dist: Nw. GA, ne. AL, w. TN, and n. MS; disjunct in sw. VA (where uncertainly native; Virginia Botanical Associates 2023). The species has become a bit popular (niche market) as an ornamental and may be expected to be encountered outside its (admittedly poorly understood) native range.

Origin/Endemic status: Endemic

Taxonomy Comments: This taxon is a species, not a hybrid; its morphological characteristics alone (with its unique whorled leaves) make the hybrid status suggested by Cronquist (1980) ("a hybrid of H. angustifolius with either H. eggertii or H. grosseserratus") implausible. See Matthews et al. (2002) for additional information. Moore, Siniscalchi, & Mandel (2021) analyzed the genetic diversity of the species.

Synonymy: = FNA21, K3, K4, S, Tn; = Helianthus ×verticillatus E.Watson (pro sp.) – C, K1, SE1; = n/a – F

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: OBL
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: OBL

Heliophily ?: 9

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image of plant© Alan Cressler: Helianthus verticillatus, Wet Prairie, Coosa Prairies Area, Floyd County, Georgia 2 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Helianthus verticillatus, Wet Prairie, Coosa Prairies Area, Floyd County, Georgia 1 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Helianthus verticillatus, Wet Prairie, Coosa Valley Prairies, Floyd County, Georgia 2 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Helianthus verticillatus, Wet Prairie, Coosa Valley Prairies, Floyd County, Georgia 4 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷

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