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Phragmites americanus (Saltonstall, P.M. Peterson, & Soreng) A. Haines. American Reed. Hab: Fens, freshwater tidal marshes. Dist: New England westward, and southward to WV and MO inland and along the Atlantic seaboard to e. VA.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Other Comments: Wu, Murray, & Heffernan (2015) discuss the ecological distribution of P. americanus and P. australis in estuarine wetlands in e. VA, and their rare hybridization.

Synonymy: = K4, NE, NY, Haines (2010); = Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud. ssp. americanus Saltonst., P.M.Peterson, & Soreng – FNA25, Il, K3, Mi, Pa, Va, Saltonstall & Hauber (2007), Saltonstall, Peterson, & Soreng (2004), Ward (2010d); < Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud. – C, K1, Mo1; < Phragmites communis Trin. – G, HC, RAB, Tat; < Phragmites communis Trin. var. berlandieri (E.Fournier) Fernald – F; < Phragmites phragmites (L.) H.Karst. – S13

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FACW (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FACW (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Great Plains: FACW (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Midwest: FACW (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Northcentral & Northeast: FACW (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)

Heliophily ?: 9

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image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷

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