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*Raphanus raphanistrum Linnaeus ssp. raphanistrum . Wild Radish, Jointed Charlock, White Charlock. Phen: Mar-Jun (and sporadically later). Hab: Fields, roadsides, disturbed areas. Dist: Native of Mediterranean Europe.

Origin/Endemic status: Mediterranean Europe and Africa

Taxonomy Comments: European authors (such as Stace 2010, 2021) recognize several infraspecific taxa in R. raphanistrum; North American material represents ssp. raphanistrum.

Synonymy: = FNA7, NE, NY, Stace (2010), Stace (2021); < Raphanus raphanistrum L. – Ar, C, F, Fl4, G, Il, K1, K3, K4, Mi, Mo2, Pa, RAB, Tat, Tn, Va, W, WH3, WV, Al-Shehbaz (1985b), Rollins (1993)

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image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Joey Shaw source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷


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