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Conioselinum chinense (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns, & Poggenburg. Hemlock-parsley. Phen: Jul-Sep. Hab: Moist or seepy calcareous or otherwise nutrient-rich forests, fens, and streambanks; (in NC) in nutrient-rich seepage over cliffs and through boulderfields at about 1500 m on the north slope of Grandfather Mountain (Avery County, NC); (in VA) on a north-facing greenstone cliff-top seep at 1150 m on Stony Man, Page County (VA). Dist: NL west to ON, south to n. NJ, sc. PA, s. IN, n. IL, and IA, disjunct southwards in w. VA and w. NC; ne. Asia (e. Siberia and Japan).

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Other Comments: The single NC population was first discovered in 1842 by Asa Gray and John Carey, and not seen again until 1989. The VA population was first reported by Fleming & Ludwig (1996). The report of the species from Roan Mountain was found to be in error; see Anthriscus (Mellichamp, Matthews, & Smithka 1987, 1988). The specific epithet is a misnomer; the species is native to ne. North America and is not found in China. The epithet was based on confusion between 'Genesee' (New York), and 'Chinensem'.

Synonymy: = C, G, Il, K1, K3, MC, NE, NY, Pa, RAB, S, Va, W; > Conioselinum chinense (L.) Britton, Sterns, & Poggenb. – F; > Conioselinum pumilum Rose – F

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FACW
  • Great Plains: FACW
  • Midwest: FACW
  • Northcentral & Northeast: FACW

Heliophily: 5

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image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷


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