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Pelazoneuron kunthii (Desvaux) A.R. Smith & S.E. Fawcett. Kunth's Maiden Fern, Southern Shield Fern. Phen: (Jan-) May-Aug (-Dec). Hab: Coquina limestone (‘marl’) outcrops, calcareous bluffs and sinkhole slopes, also adventive on and around coquina limestone (marl) riprap around small bridges and ditches and in suburban forests. Dist: Se. NC south to s. FL and west to c. TX; West Indies; Mexico south through Central America into n. South America.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Synonymy: = Fawcett & Smith (2021); = Cyclosorus kunthii (Desv.) Christenh. – K3; = Thelypteris kunthii (Desv.) C.V.Morton – Ar, Bah, ETx1, Fl1, FNA2, K1, Meso1, RAB, SFla, Tx, TxFerns, WH3; < Christella normalis (C.Chr.) Holttum – K4; < Dryopteris normalis C.Chr.; < Thelypteris normalis (C.Chr.) Moxley – Sf

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FACW (name change)
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FACW (name change)
  • Great Plains: FAC (name change)

Heliophily: 3

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image of plant© Erik Danielson source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Pelazoneuron kunthii, Citra Cypress Grotto, St. Johns River Water Management Lands, Marion County, Florida 2 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Joey Shaw source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Pelazoneuron kunthii, Little Pine Log Mountain, Pine Log Wildlife Management Area, Bartow County, Georgia 3 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Pelazoneuron kunthii, Dawson Forest Wildlife Management Area, Wildcat Creek Tract, Dawson County, Georgia 1 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷

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