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*Phleum pratense Linnaeus ssp. pratense . Timothy, Cat's-tail. Phen: Jun-Oct. Hab: Meadows, pastures, roadsides, disturbed areas. Dist: Native of Europe.

Origin/Endemic status: Europe

Other Comments: The American common name comes from the name of the man (Timothy Hanson) who is believed to have introduced it into the United States in 1720; in England, Phleum is called "cat's-tail".

Synonymy: = FNA24; = Phleum pratense L. – Stace (2010); = Phleum pratense L. var. pratense – F; < Phleum pratense L. – C, FlGr, G, HC, Il, K1, K3, K4, Mi, Mo1, NcTx, NE, Pa, RAB, S, S13, Tat, Tn, Tx, Va, W, WH3, WV, Tucker (1996)

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FACU (name change)
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FACU (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Great Plains: FACU (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Midwest: FACU (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Northcentral & Northeast: FACU (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)

Heliophily ?: 8

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image of plant© Alan Weakley source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Paul Marcum source | Original Image ⭷

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