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*Setaria italica (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois. Foxtail-millet, Italian Millet, Hungarian Millet. Phen: Jul-Aug. Hab: Fields, roadsides, frequently planted as a cover crop after soil disturbance. Dist: Native of Eurasia.

Origin/Endemic status: E. and se. Asia

Taxonomy Comments: Probably derived via cultivation and selection from S. viridis, and cultivated as a food crop in China since at least 6000 BP and later in Europe (Hancock 2004).

Synonymy: = Ar, C, ETx1, F, FlGr, FNA25, G, HC, Il, K1, K3, K4, Mi, Mo1, NcTx, NE, NY, Pa, RAB, Tat, Tn, Tx, W, WH3, WV, Webster (1993b); = Chaetochloa italica (L.) Scribn. – S, S13

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FACU
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FACU
  • Great Plains: FACU
  • Midwest: FACU
  • Northcentral & Northeast: FACU

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image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷

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