Colors

Data mode

Account

Login
Sign up

Copy permalink to share

Pinus elliottii Engelmann. Subgenus: Pinus. Section: Trifoliae. Subsection: Australes. clade: Elliottii. Slash Pine. Phen: Jan-Feb; Oct-Nov. Hab: Native in wet pine flatwoods and maritime forests, also extensively planted (over a broader distribution than the natural one, as in GA, SC, NC, w. LA, e. TX) in silvicultural plantations on a wide variety of soils, many of them unsuitable for its successful growth. Dist: P. elliottii ranges natively from e. SC south to c. peninsular FL, west to e. LA. P. elliottii has been extensively planted throughout the Coastal Plain of Georgia, North Carolina, and South Carolina, where it now occupies tens of thousands of hectares.

ID notes:Superficially, P. elliottii resembles both P. palustris and P. taeda, with cone size and needle length intermediate. P. elliottii is sometimes difficult to tell from P. taeda; additional helpful characteristics are the seed cones on 1.5-3 cm long stalks (vs. essentially sessile), seed cones reddish-brown and glossy, appearing varnished (vs. brown and dull), needles thicker and a dark glossy green (vs. thinner and a yellowish green); bark prominently flaking off and revealing reddish patches (vs. not notably flaking off and not revealing reddish patches).

Origin/Endemic status: Endemic

Synonymy: = Pinus elliottii Engelm. var. elliottii – FNA2, K1, K3, SFla, Price (1989), Ward (1963); = Pinus palustris Mill. – S, misapplied; < Pinus elliottii Engelm. – ETx1, Fl1, RAB, Tx, WH3

Show in key(s)

Show parent genus

Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FACW (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Great Plains: FAC (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)

Heliophily: 8

Your browser does not support SVGs

Hover over a shape, letter, icon, or arrow on the map for definition or see the legend.

image of plant© Erik Danielson source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Weakley source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Aidan Campos source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Aidan Campos source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Paul Marcum source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Paul Marcum source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Paul Marcum source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Radford, Ahles and Bell | Original Image ⭷

Feedback

See something wrong or missing on about Pinus elliottii? Let us know here:


Cite as...