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*Ficaria verna Hudson ssp. ficariiformis (Rouy & Foucaud) B. Wallnöfer. Lesser Celandine, Fig Buttercup. Phen: Mar-May. Hab: Disturbed rich forests and bottomlands, mesic suburban forests, lawns, naturalized locally from horticultural plantings. Dist: Native of c. and w. Mediterranean Europe. First reported for NC by Krings et al. (2005). Naturalized in the US in MO, NY, NC, OH, PA, TX (Post et al. 2009).

Origin/Endemic status: Mediterranean Europe and Africa

Synonymy: = K3, K4, Stace (2021); = Ficaria grandiflora Robert – Banfi, Galasso, & Soldano (2011); = n/a – RAB, Tat; = Ranunculus ficaria L. ssp. ficariiformis (F.W.Schultz) Rouy & Foucaud – Sell (1994); < Ficaria verna Huds. – NY, Va; < Ranunculus ficaria L. – C, F, FNA3, G, Pa; < Ranunculus ficaria L. var. bulbifera Marsden-Jones – K1

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FAC (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FAC (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Great Plains: FACW (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Midwest: FAC (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Northcentral & Northeast: FACW (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)

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image of plant© Jon Sullivan, some rights reserved (CC BY), uploaded by Jon Sullivan source CC-BY | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Jon Sullivan, some rights reserved (CC BY) source CC-BY | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce Calvert, some rights reserved (CC BY), uploaded by Bruce Calvert source CC-BY | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© John Barkla, some rights reserved (CC BY), uploaded by John Barkla source CC-BY | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Jon Sullivan, some rights reserved (CC BY), uploaded by Jon Sullivan source CC-BY | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Murray NZ, some rights reserved (CC BY), uploaded by Murray NZ source CC-BY | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce Calvert, some rights reserved (CC BY), uploaded by Bruce Calvert source CC-BY | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Jon Sullivan, some rights reserved (CC BY), uploaded by Jon Sullivan source CC-BY | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Jon Sullivan, some rights reserved (CC BY) source CC-BY | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Jon Sullivan, some rights reserved (CC BY), uploaded by Jon Sullivan source CC-BY | Original Image ⭷

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