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*Barbarea vulgaris W. Aiton. Common Winter-cress, Yellow Rocket. Phen: Apr-Jun. Hab: Fields, disturbed areas. Dist: Native of Eurasia.

Origin/Endemic status: Eurasia

Taxonomy Comments: Lange et al. (2022) provided compelling evidence for the recognition of multiple taxa in what has generally been regarded in recent decades as a single, variable species, the variation not warranting taxonomic recognition.

Synonymy: = Ar, C, FNA7, GrPl, K1, K3, K4, Mi, NE, NY, Pa, Tat, Tn, Va, W, Al-Shehbaz (1988a), Rollins (1993); = Barbarea barbarea (L.) MacMill. – S13; > Barbarea stricta Andrz.; > Barbarea vulgaris Aiton var. arcuata (Opiz ex J.Presl & C.Presl) Fr. – F, G, Il, RAB; > Barbarea vulgaris Aiton var. brachycarpa Rouy & Foucaud – F; > Barbarea vulgaris Aiton var. sylvestris Fr. – F; > Barbarea vulgaris Aiton var. vulgaris – F, G, Il, RAB; > Campe barbarea (L.) W.Wight ex Piper – S; > Campe stricta (Andrz.) W.Wight ex Piper – S, misapplied

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FAC
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FACU
  • Great Plains: FACU
  • Midwest: FAC
  • Northcentral & Northeast: FAC

Heliophily ?: 8

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image of plant© Keith Bradley | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Joey Shaw source | Original Image ⭷

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