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*Brassica juncea (Linnaeus) Czernajew. Leaf Mustard, Brown Mustard, Indian Mustard, Mustard Greens, Chinese Mustard. Phen: Apr-Jun. Hab: Fields, disturbed areas. Dist: Native of Eurasia.

Origin/Endemic status: Eurasia

Taxonomy Comments: This species is apparently a recently derived polyploid (n=18) of B. nigra (n=8) and B. rapa (n=10).

Other Comments: The seeds of this species are one source of table mustard; other components include Brassica nigra and Sinapis alba.

Synonymy: = Ar, C, Fl4, FNA7, G, GrPl, Il, K1, K3, K4, Mi, NcTx, NE, NY, Pa, RAB, S13, Tn, Tx, Va, W, WH3, Al-Shehbaz (1985b), Rollins (1993); > Brassica japonica (Thunb.) Siebold ex Miq. – S, Tat; > Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. – S, Tat; > Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. var. crispifolia L.H.Bailey – F; > Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. var. juncea – F

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: UPL
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: UPL
  • Great Plains: FACU
  • Midwest: UPL
  • Northcentral & Northeast: UPL

Heliophily: 9

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image of plant© Rob Gardner | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Keith Bradley | Original Image ⭷


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