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Lycium carolinianum Walter. Christmas-berry, Carolina Matrimony-vine, Carolina Wolfberry. Phen: (Jan-) Sep-Nov (-Dec). Hab: Shell middens, shell mounds, shelly sand dunes, brackish marshes, maritime sand spits. Dist: Se. SC (where not recently seen; its occurrence there is based on being named by Walter [1788] and Elliott’s [1816] statement "found by Mr. Wm. Bartram, in the saline rushy marshes of Carolina") and e. GA south to FL, west to e. TX, south to s. Mexico; also in the West Indies.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Synonymy: = Fl6, FNA14, GW2, Mex, RAB, S, WH3; > Lycium carolinianum Walter var. carolinianum – K1, K3, K4, Hitchcock (1932); > Lycium carolinianum Walter var. quadrifidum (Dunal) C.L.Hitchc. – K1, K3, K4, Tx, Hitchcock (1932)

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FACW
  • Great Plains: FACW

Heliophily ?: 8

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image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Lycium carolinianum, Cumberland Island National Seashore, Camden County, Georgia 3 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Lycium carolinianum, fruit, Cedar Key, Levy County, Florida 1 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Aidan Campos source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Lycium carolinianum, Cedar Key, Levy County, Florida 1 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Lycium carolinianum, Cumberland Island National Seashore, Camden County, Georgia 1 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷

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