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*Nicotiana tabacum Linnaeus. Cultivated Tobacco. Phen: Jun-frost; Sep-Oct. Hab: Persistent after cultivation; commonly cultivated, rarely naturalized. Dist: Native of tropical America. This is the tobacco currently cultivated in our area for the manufacture of cigarettes, cigars, and other smoking and chewing tobacco products. It replaced Nicotiana rustica as the main cultivated tobacco in the mid-Atlantic colonies in the early 1600s.

Origin/Endemic status: Neotropics

Other Comments: Two different strains are cultivated. Burley tobacco, with acute to acuminate leaves, grown mostly in the Mountains and upper Piedmont, is air-cured in open barns, and used mostly for cigar and pipe tobacco. Flue-cured tobacco, with obtuse or broadly acute leaves, is grown mostly in the Coastal Plain and lower Piedmont, cured in closed, cubical barns with forced heat, and used mostly for cigarettes.

Synonymy: = Bah, C, F, Fl6, FNA14, K1, K3, NE, RAB, S, Tx, WH3; = n/a – Pa, Tat

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: UPL
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: UPL
  • Great Plains: UPL
  • Midwest: FACU
  • Northcentral & Northeast: UPL

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image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Nicotiana tabacum, cultivated crop, Beasleys Bend, Smith County, Tennessee, Marion Smith 1 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Radford, Ahles and Bell | Original Image ⭷


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