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Asplenium montanum Willdenow. Mountain Spleenwort. Phen: May-Oct. Hab: Moist to dry outcrops of metamorphic, sedimentary, or igneous rocks, such as gneiss, schist, amphibolite, quartzite, rhyolite, sandstone, mostly at moderate to high elevations (up to over 2000 m), but in the Piedmont to as low as 150 m. Dist: Primarily Appalachian: s. VT, MA, NY, OH, and KY south to c. NC, n. GA and AL; disjunct in the Ozarkian highlands of e. MO (Peck 2011)

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Other Comments: A. montanum is one of the diploid progenitors of the reticulately evolved Appalachian Asplenium complex; its chromosome complement is symbolized MM. It is one parent of A. bradleyi, A. pinnatifidum, and A. ×trudellii (and of other sterile hybrids).

Synonymy: = C, F, FNA2, G, K1, K3, K4, Mo1, NE, NY, Pa, RAB, S13, Sf, Tn, Va, W, WV

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image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Asplenium montanum, Pine Log Mountain, Cherokee County, Georgia 3 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Keith Bradley | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Keith Bradley | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Asplenium montanum (left), Asplenium Xtrudellii (center) Asplenium pinnatifidum (right), Foster Falls Small Wild Area, South Cumberland State Recreation Area, Marion County, Tennessee 1 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Joey Shaw source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Joey Shaw source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Asplenium Xwherryi (center two fronds), Asplenium montanum (right), Asplenium bradleyi (left), along Sharp Mountain Creek, Cherokee County, Georgia 1 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Asplenium montanum (left), Asplenium Xwherryi (middle), Asplenium bradleyi (right), Abaxial Comparison, Gaston County, North Carolina 1 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Asplenium montanum, Rabun County, Georgia 1 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Asplenium bradleyi (left), Asplenium Xwherryi (middle), Asplenium montanum (right), Whitfield County, Georgia 1 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷

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