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Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz. Dissected Toothwort. Phen: Mar-Apr; Apr-May. Hab: Rich, mesic forests. Dist: C. OH and s. IN south through c. KY and c. and e. TN to nw. GA, c. AL, and extreme nw. MS; disjunct east of the Blue Ridge in sc. VA and c. NC.

Origin/Endemic status: Endemic

Taxonomy Comments: See Al-Shehbaz (1988c) for additional discussion of the systematics, nomenclature, ecology, and distribution of this species (or species complex). Arkansas material previously considered part of C. dissecta (Gentry et al. 2013) is in the process of being named at species rank (Witsell, Dec. 2015, pers. comm.). Alabama plants

Other Comments: Al-Shehbaz (1988c) states that C. dissecta is easily distinguished from its relatives "by its glabrous leaves that are divided into filiform to narrowly linear segments". First reported for VA by Wieboldt et al. (1998).

Synonymy: = Va; = Cardamine angustata O.E.Schulz var. multifida (Muhl. ex Elliott) H.E.Ahles – RAB; = Cardamine multifida (Muhl. ex Elliott) Wood; = Dentaria multifida Muhl. ex Elliott – F, G, Tn, W; < Cardamine dissecta (Leavenw.) Al-Shehbaz – C, FNA7, K1, K3, K4, Al-Shehbaz (1988a), Rollins (1993), Sweeney & Price (2001); < Dentaria multifida Muhl. ex Elliott – S, S13

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Heliophily: 2

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image of plant© Bruce Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan M. Cressler | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce Sorrie | Original Image ⭷

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