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Celtis pumila Pursh. Dwarf Hackberry, Georgia Hackberry. Phen: Apr-May; Aug-Oct. Hab: Xeric to mesic glades, outcrops, barrens, woodlands, exposed bluffs, stream banks, and disturbed areas, often over calcareous substrate. Dist: NJ, PA, IN, IL, and KS south to Panhandle FL and TX.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Taxonomy Comments: C. pumila Pursh has priority over C. tenuifolia Nuttall; the description in Pursh's flora ("a small straggling bush"), and more critically the type specimen, conform to what has more generally been known as C. tenuifolia (Whittemore in Yatskievych 2013). This species is mainly an apomictic triploid.

Synonymy: = NY; = Celtis georgiana Small – S, S13; = Celtis occidentalis L. var. georgiana (Small) H.E.Ahles – RAB; = Celtis tenuifolia Nutt. – Ar, C, FNA3, G, GrPl, K1, K3, K4, Mi, Pa, Tn, Va, W, WV; < Celtis occidentalis L. – WH3; > Celtis pumila Pursh var. georgiana (Small) Sarg. – Tat; > Celtis tenuifolia Nutt. var. georgiana (Small) Fernald & Schub. – F, Il, Tx; > Celtis tenuifolia Nutt. var. tenuifolia – F, Il, Tx

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FACU (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FACU (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Great Plains: FACU (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Midwest: FAC (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Northcentral & Northeast: FAC (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)

Heliophily: 7

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image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Celtis tenuifolia, staminate (male) flowers, Stone Mountain Park, Dekalb County, Georgia 2 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Celtis tenuifolia, pistillate (female) flowers, Stone Mountain Park, Dekalb County, Georgia 1 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Radford, Ahles and Bell | Original Image ⭷

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