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Cercis canadensis Linnaeus var. canadensis . Eastern Redbud, Judas Tree. Phen: (Jan-) Late Feb-May; Jun-Nov (and persistent later). Hab: Moist to dry forests and woodlands, especially over calcareous or mafic rocks, also commonly planted as an ornamental. Dist: MA, WI, and NE south to c. peninsular FL and e. TX.

ID notes: This spectacular small tree is showy in bud or flower. The smooth, medium gray bark of younger trees is distinctive in winter; older trees develop shaggier bark with a reddish hue.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Taxonomy Comments: Other taxa within Cercis canadensis (here treated at varietal rank) occur in OK, TX, and Mexico.

Synonymy: = Ar, C, G, K1, K3, K4, NcTx, NE, SE3, Tx, Va, Isely (1975), Isely (1998), Robertson & Lee (1976); = Cercis canadensis L. – S13; = Cercis canadensis L. ssp. canadensis – FNA11.1; = Cercis canadensis L. var. typica – Hopkins (1942); < Cercis canadensis L. – F, Fl3, GrPl, Il, Mi, Pa, RAB, S, Tat, Tn, W, WH3; > Cercis canadensis L. – Greene (1912a); > Cercis dilatata Greene – Greene (1912a); > Cercis georgiana Greene – Greene (1912a)

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: UPL (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FACU (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Great Plains: UPL (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Midwest: FACU (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Northcentral & Northeast: FACU (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)

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image of plant© Aidan Campos source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷

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