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Cicuta maculata Linnaeus var. maculata . Water-hemlock. Phen: May-Aug; Jul-Sep. Hab: Marshes, bogs, seepages, fens, ditches, swamp forests. Dist: NS west to AK, south to FL, CA; Mexico.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Taxonomy Comments: Two other varieties are more northern or western: var. victorinii (Fernald) B. Boivin of QC and var. angustifolia Hooker of western North America.

Other Comments: All parts of the plant, especially the tubers, are dangerously poisonous.

Synonymy: = C, F, G, K1, NE, NY, Pa, Va; < Cicuta maculata L. – Ar, Fl7, GW2, Il, MC, Mi, NcTx, Ok, RAB, Tat, Tn, Tx, W, WH3; > Cicuta maculata L. var. bolanderi (S.Watson) G.A.Mulligan – GrPl, Mo2, Mulligan (1980); < Cicuta maculata L. var. maculata – K3, K4; > Cicuta maculata L. var. maculata – GrPl, Mo2, Mulligan (1980)

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: OBL (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: OBL (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Great Plains: OBL (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Midwest: OBL (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Northcentral & Northeast: OBL (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)

Heliophily: 7

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image of plant© Joey Shaw source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Grant Morrow Parkins | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Erik Danielson source | Original Image ⭷

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