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Comandra umbellata (Linnaeus) Nuttall var. umbellata . Eastern Comandra, Eastern Bastard-toadflax, Star-toadflax. Phen: Apr-Jul; Jul-Aug. Hab: Dry forests and woodlands, woodland borders, glades, usually in acidic soils and most common in oak/heath forests. Dist: Var. umbellata ranges from ME to e. ND, south to SC, n. GA, n. AL, n. MS, s. AR, e. OK, and c. KS.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Taxonomy Comments: Other varieties are western or (allegedly) of the Balkan region of Europe. These taxa are sometimes treated at specific or subspecific rank (see synonymy).

Synonymy: = C, Va; = Comandra umbellata (L.) Nutt. ssp. umbellata – Ar, FNA12, GrPl, K1, K3, NE, NY, Piehl (1965); > Comandra richardsiana – F, G; < Comandra umbellata (L.) Nutt. – Il, Mi, Pa, RAB, S, Tat, Tn, W, WV; > Comandra umbellata (L.) Nutt. – F, G

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: UPL (name change)
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FACU (name change)
  • Great Plains: UPL (name change)
  • Midwest: FACU (name change)
  • Northcentral & Northeast: FACU (name change)

Heliophily ?: 7

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image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷

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