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Gentiana clausa Rafinesque. Section: Pneumonanthe. Meadow Closed Gentian, Meadow Bottle Gentian. Phen: Sep-Oct. Hab: Forests. Dist: Mostly Appalachian: ME south to w. NC and ne. TN, extending east and west to adjacent physiographic provinces.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Synonymy: = C, FNA14, K3, K4, NE, NY, Pa, Tat, Tn, Va, WV, Pringle & Weakley (2009); < Dasystephana decora (Pollard) Small – S; < Gentiana clausa Raf. – F, G, GW2, K1, RAB, W, Halda (1996), Ho & Liu (2001), Pringle (1967a); < Pneumonanthe clausa (Raf.) Greene

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FAC
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FACW (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Midwest: FACW (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Northcentral & Northeast: FACW (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)

Heliophily: 5

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image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Erik Danielson source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan M. Cressler | Original Image ⭷

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