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Smilax smallii Morong. clade: B4. Jacksonbriar. Phen: Jun-Jul; Apr-Jun of the next year. Hab: Bottomland and riparian forests, upland forests, hardwood flatwoods, pine flatwoods, wooded seeps, stream banks, roadsides. Dist: Ne. NC (se. VA?) to c. peninsular FL, west to s. AR and e. TX, primarily on the Coastal Plain.

Origin/Endemic status: Endemic

Taxonomy Comments: It has been suggested that S. maritima Feay ex Alph. Wood is the correct name for this species, predating S. smallii (1861 vs. 1894). The description of S. maritima, its geography, and its context relative to other species in Wood (1861) makes clear, however, that it is referring to S. auriculata, and no type or lectotype is available to fix its meaning contrary to a description inappropriate for S. smallii ("lvs. lanceolate, auriculate-hastate").

Synonymy: = Ar, ETx1, FNA26, G, GW1, K1, K3, K4, NcTx, RAB, Tx, W, WH3, Bullard & Allen (2013), Judd (1998); = Smilax lanceolata L. – S, S13, Coker (1944), misapplied; = Smilax maritima Feay ex Alph.Wood, misapplied; > Smilax cinnamomifolia Small – S13; > Smilax morongii Small – S13; > Smilax smallii Morong – S13

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FACU
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FACU
  • Great Plains: FACU

Heliophily ?: 5

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image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Weakley source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Weakley source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Smilax smallii, fruit, Monroe County, Alabama 1 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Weakley source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Erik Danielson source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Weakley source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Weakley source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Weakley source | Original Image ⭷

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