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Vaccinium crassifolium Andrews. Creeping Blueberry. Phen: Apr-May; Jun-Jul. Hab: Pine savannas, pine flatwoods, pocosin-sandhill ecotones, upland sandhills over clay pans. Dist: This species is nearly endemic to the Carolinas, barely extending into immediately adjacent VA and GA.

Origin/Endemic status: Endemic

Taxonomy Comments: See Kirkman, Wentworth, & Ballington (1989) and Kirkman & Ballington (1990) for discussion of the systematics and ecology of this species and the closely related V. sempervirens. Vaccinium crassifolium is a diploid species, 2x=24 (Redpath et al. 2022).

Synonymy: = C, F, G, GW2, RAB, Va, Rayner & Henderson (1980), Uttal (1987); = Vaccinium crassifolium Andrews ssp. crassifolium – K1, K3, K4; < Herpothamnus crassifolius (Andrews) Small – S; < Vaccinium crassifolium Andrews – FNA8, Luteyn et al (1996), Redpath et al (2022), Vander Kloet (1988)

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FAC (taxonomic split from wetland indicator species)
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FAC

Heliophily ?: 8

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image of plant© Bruce Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Keith Bradley | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Gary P. Fleming | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷

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