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FamilyScientific Name Common NameHabitatDistributionImage
PteridaceaeAdiantum ancepsDouble-edge MaidenhairNaturalized from horticultural use on limestone in rockland hammocks and ditch sides.Native of South America.image of plant
PteridaceaeAdiantum capillus-venerisVenus'-hair Fern, Southern Maidenhair, CulantrilloMoist calcareous substrates, in the Coastal Plain on ‘marl’ (coquina limestone) (NC and SC), on calcareous clay bluffs (GA), and adventive on lime mortar of old buildings and walls (as in Wilmington and Fayetteville, NC); in the Mountains and Interior Low Plateau on limestone or other calcareous sedimentary rocks.Widespread on several continents, in e. North America largely southern in distribution, from e. NC, w. VA, MO, CO, UT, and CO south; also disjunct in SD and BC, and in Mexico, the West Indies, tropical and warm temperate portions of Central and South America, Eurasia, and Africa. A rather implausible record for the NC Mountains (Buncombe County, Montreat, mountain ravines, rare, 1923, J.H. Davis, Herbarium UNCC) is mapped as questionable.image of plant
PteridaceaeAdiantum caudatumTailed Maidenhairimage of plant
PteridaceaeAdiantum hispidulumRough Maidenhair, Garden MaidenhairStone walls, old wells.Native of Asia and Africa. Reported for GA (Harper 1903).image of plant
PteridaceaeAdiantum melanoleucumFragrant MaidenhairLimestone sinkholes in rockland hammocks.S. FL (Miami-Dade County); West Indies.image of plant
PteridaceaeAdiantum pedatumNorthern MaidenhairMoist forests and cliffs, especially over calcareous or mafic rocks, sometimes in seasonal seepage.NS and NB west to ON and MN, south to GA, AL, MS, LA, and OK. Sometimes interpreted to also be present in e. Asia; Lu et al. (2011) make clear that Asian material should be treated as two species distinct from Adiantum pedatum; Adiantum japonicum was named in 2021 (Zhao et al. 2021).image of plant
PteridaceaeAdiantum tenerumBrittle MaidenhairShaded limestone outcrops and adjacent calcareous soils, in ledges and sinkholes.N. FL (Alachua and St. Johns counties) south to s. FL; West Indies; Mexico, Central America south to n. South America.image of plant
PteridaceaeAdiantum trapeziformeDiamond MaidenhairDisturbed hammocks, naturalized from horticultural use.Native of West Indies and Central America.
PteridaceaeAdiantum villosumWoolly MaidenhairRockland hammocks.Native of s. FL and West Indies, s. Mexico, Central America, and n. South America.

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