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FamilyScientific Name Common NameHabitatDistributionImage
BrassicaceaeCardamine angustataEastern Slender ToothwortRich, mesic forests.NJ and IN south to n. GA, c. TN, and ne. MS.image of plant
BrassicaceaeCardamine bulbosaBulbous BittercressSwampy forests and bogs, primarily (but not strictly) in circumneutral soils over limestone or mafic rocks.ME west to MB, south to FL, LA, and TX.image of plant
BrassicaceaeCardamine clematitisMountain BittercressShaded brookbanks, rock outcrops with seepage, at high elevations (1200m and above).Endemic to the high elevation Southern Appalachians of w. NC, e. TN, sw. VA, and ne. GA (Brasstown Bald). A report for SC (Gaddy et al. 1984) is erroneous, based on material of C. flagellifera (Gaddy 2014).image of plant
BrassicaceaeCardamine concatenataCutleaf ToothwortRich, mesic forests.ME, QC and MN south to FL Panhandle, LA, OK, and TX.image of plant
BrassicaceaeCardamine dentataAmerican Cuckoo-flower, Lady's-smock, White Cuckoo-flowerSeeps, bogs, and swamps.NS and QC west to MB, south to NJ, VA, and OH.image of plant
BrassicaceaeCardamine diphyllaCrinkleroot, Toothwort, Turkey MustardRich, mesic forests.NB west to MN, south to n. GA, SC, and AL.image of plant
BrassicaceaeCardamine dissectaDissected ToothwortRich, mesic forests.C. OH and s. IN south through c. KY and c. and e. TN to nw. GA, c. AL, and extreme nw. MS; disjunct east of the Blue Ridge in sc. VA and c. NC.image of plant
BrassicaceaeCardamine douglassiiPurple Cress, Limestone Bittercress, Douglass's Bittercress, Pink Spring-cressNutrient-rich, mesic forests, especially alluvial bottomlands, and in nutrient-rich seepages.NY, ON, and MN south to c. NC (in the drainages of the Neuse, Meherrin, and rarely Cape Fear rivers), sc. TN, AL, and MO. Reports for SC are based on misidentification of C. bulbosa.image of plant
BrassicaceaeCardamine flagelliferaLarge-flowered Blue Ridge BittercressIn seepages, on streambanks, and in moist cove or bottomland forests, mainly at moderate to low elevations.C. flagellifera is endemic to the Southern Appalachians of w. NC, SC, e. TN, GA, VA, and WV.image of plant
BrassicaceaeCardamine hirsutaHairy BittercressDisturbed areas, including fields and gardens.Native of Europe.image of plant
BrassicaceaeCardamine impatiensNarrowleaf Bittercress, Bushy BittercressAlluvial floodplains (in NC, VA, and WV, notably in the New River drainage).Native of Europe. See Poindexter (2006). Reported for MD (Knapp et al. 2011).image of plant
BrassicaceaeCardamine longiiLong's BittercressTidal freshwater marshes and cypress-gum swamps.Coastal in distribution, irregularly from ME south to NC and SC (or FL?).image of plant
BrassicaceaeCardamine maximaLarge ToothwortMoist forests.NB, ON, and MI south to NJ, PA and OH. Reports from WV and KY are misidentifications.image of plant
BrassicaceaeCardamine micrantheraStreambank Bittercress, Small-anthered BittercressSand and gravel bars in creeks, swampy floodplain woods, seepage over rocks.A narrow endemic, known only from Stokes County, NC and Patrick County, VA, and apparently extirpated from Forsyth County, NC
BrassicaceaeCardamine occultaHidden BittercressDisturbed areas.Native of e. Asia.image of plant
BrassicaceaeCardamine parviflora var. arenicolaSand BittercressVarious habitats, primarily seasonally wet areas with shallow soil or sand, also on mafic outcrop glades, as on greenstone, diabase, and nutrient-rich granites.The typic variety is Eurasian; our variety is widespread in e. North America, also occurring in the Pacific Northwest.image of plant
BrassicaceaeCardamine pensylvanicaQuaker BittercressVarious wet habitats, especially swampy depressions, streambanks, small woodland seeps.NL (Newfoundland), NL (Labrador), NT, and AK south to FL, TX, and CA.image of plant
BrassicaceaeCardamine pratensisPink Cuckoo-flowerWetlands.Native of Eurasia.image of plant
BrassicaceaeCardamine rotundifoliaAmerican Bittercress, Mountain WatercressSeeps, streambanks, swampy depressions, sand and gravel bars in creeks.A Central/Southern Appalachian endemic: n. DE, PA, and w. NY, west to OH and KY, south to w. NC (records from n. GA are misidentified).image of plant
BrassicaceaeCardamine species 1Ouachita ToothwortMesic forests, especially stream terraces and slopes over novaculite but also shale in the Athens Plateau.Endemic to Ouachita Mountains.
BrassicaceaeCardamine species 2Arkansas Dissected ToothwortMoist forests.Endemic to AR.
BrassicaceaeCardamine species 3Alabama Forked ToothwortMoist forests.Endemic to sc. AL (near Tuscaloosa).

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