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FamilyScientific Name Common NameHabitatDistributionImage
ConvolvulaceaeCuscuta americanaAmerican DodderHammocks, pine flatwoods, disturbed areas, mainly on woody hosts.C. and s. peninsular FL; West Indies; Mexico, Central America, and South America.
ConvolvulaceaeCuscuta boldhingiiBoldhing’s DodderRoad shoulder.Possibly native in s. FL (Monroe County); West Indies; Mexico.image of plant
ConvolvulaceaeCuscuta campestrisField Dodder, Prairie DodderRoadsides, fields, open disturbed areas, especially (but not only) on herbaceous Fabaceae.Nearly cosmopolitan because of its common association with cultivated legumes, its original distribution unclear.
ConvolvulaceaeCuscuta cassytoidesAfrican DodderOn Quercus phellos.Native of s. Africa.
ConvolvulaceaeCuscuta cephalanthiButtonbush DodderPrimarily on woody hosts.NB west to BC, south to GA, TX, CA, and Mexico (but not cited in Villaseñor 2016). See Nelson (1993) for the first SC record.image of plant
ConvolvulaceaeCuscuta compactaCompact DodderBottomland forests, stream banks, marshes, swamps, pine savannas, calcareous seeps and streambanks, wet fields, other wet habitats, on herbaceous and especially on woody hosts.VT, QC, and NE south to s. FL and TX.
ConvolvulaceaeCuscuta coryliHazel DodderOpen woodlands and woodland borders, on a wide variety of woody and herbaceous hosts.MA, NY, and SK south to SC, AL, TX, and AZ.image of plant
ConvolvulaceaeCuscuta cuspidataCusp DodderBottomland forests and fields, especially on Asteraceae.IN, ND, and UT south to KY, MS, TX, and NM.image of plant
ConvolvulaceaeCuscuta epilinumFlax DodderPrimarily on Linum.Native of Europe. South to DE, MD, and PA (Kartesz 1999).image of plant
ConvolvulaceaeCuscuta epithymumClover DodderPrimarily on Trifolium.Native of Europe. Also known from scattered localities in PA (Rhoads & Klein 1993); reported for VA by Kartesz (1999), based on Massey (1961).
ConvolvulaceaeCuscuta exaltataTall DodderDry hammocks (FL), dry woodlands (TX), parasitic on woody hosts (Quercus, Ulmus, Diospyros, Vitis, Rhus, etc.)N. peninsular FL (St. Johns, Putnam, and Levy counties) south to s. FL; TX southward (but not cited in Villaseñor 2016).image of plant
ConvolvulaceaeCuscuta glabriorEngelmann's DodderOn a wide range of herbaceous hosts.E. and w. OK south to sw. LA, s. TX, NM, and n. Mexico.image of plant
ConvolvulaceaeCuscuta glomerataRope DodderFloodplains and other moist forests and thickets, primarily on Asteraceae.OH, MI, MN, and ND south to KY, TN, MS, and TX.image of plant
ConvolvulaceaeCuscuta gronoviiSwamp Dodder, Common DodderStream banks, bottomland forests, bogs, marshes, swamps, wet fields, wet disturbed areas, on a very wide variety of herbaceous and woody plants.QC west to BC, south to s. FL and AZ.
ConvolvulaceaeCuscuta harperiHarper's DodderOutcrops of granite (Piedmont), sandstone (Cumberland Plateau, Ridge and Valley), and Altamaha grit (Coastal Plain), typically on plants such as Liatris microcephala, Bigelowia nuttallii, Hypericum gentianoides, Helianthus longifolius, and Croton willdenowii.C. and wc. GA west to nw. AL.image of plant
ConvolvulaceaeCuscuta indecoraBigseed Alfalfa Dodder, Pretty DodderSalt marshes (on Iva frutescens), pine savannahs, bogs, roadsides, disturbed areas.NJ, MN, and ID, south to s. FL, TX, CA, Mexico, Central America, and South America. See Nelson (1993) for the first SC record. Silberhorn (1998) described an occurrence of this species in VA.image of plant
ConvolvulaceaeCuscuta japonicaJapanese DodderDisturbed areas, especially on Fabaceae (especially Pueraria) and woody plants.Native of e. Asia.
ConvolvulaceaeCuscuta leptanthaParasitic especially on Euphorbiaceae.S. TX, c. TX, and NM south to Mexico (BCN, BCS, SIN, SON).
ConvolvulaceaeCuscuta obtusiflora var. glandulosaGlandular DodderIn calcareous glades, swampy thickets, and other habitats. Remarkably growing submersed and parasitic on Hygrophila polysperma (Williams, Tippery, & Les 2022).GA and OK south to FL, TX, Mexico; West Indies. See Anderson (2007) for FL Panhandle record and Floden & Brant (2018) for the MO records.image of plant
ConvolvulaceaeCuscuta pentagonaRoadsides, fields, open disturbed areas, on a wide variety of (mostly herbaceous) hosts, especially Fabaceae.Throughout the United States and s. Canada, south into Mexico.
ConvolvulaceaeCuscuta polygonorumSmartweed DodderOn Polygonum and other hosts.NY and ON west to ND, south to FL and TX.image of plant
ConvolvulaceaeCuscuta rostrataAppalachian Dodder, Beaked DodderHigh elevation hardwood forests and thickets, especially on Asteraceae (Rudbeckia, Solidago, Symphyotrichum, Eurybia).A Southern Appalachian endemic: WV and MD south through w. VA, e. KY, e. TN, w. NC to n. GA.
ConvolvulaceaeCuscuta runyoniiOn Asteraceae and other hosts.Apparently endemic to the Rio Grande Plains of s. TX.
ConvolvulaceaeCuscuta squamataUsually parasitic on Asteraceae.TX and NM south into Mexico (CHH, COA, DUR).
ConvolvulaceaeCuscuta suaveolensFringed Dodder, Lucerne Dodder, Alfalfa DodderFields, especially on herbaceous Fabaceae.Native of South America. Reported from scattered sites in eastern North America, allegedly including AL, MD, and OH.
ConvolvulaceaeCuscuta umbellataFlatglobe DodderBeach dunes and coastal strands, especially on herbaceous hosts.Peninsular FL; West Indies; KS and CO south through sw. LA, TX, NM, AZ, and Mexico to Central America.image of plant