|Dry to moist forests and woodlands.
|NB west to ON and MN, south to Panhandle FL, MS, and AR.
|Moist forests, usually under conifers and rhododendrons.
|A circumboreal species of northern North America and Eurasia, this species reaching its southern limit in e. North America in NC and TN.
|Mixed deciduous and pine woods.
|NL (Newfoundland) and MB south to NJ, MD, PA, n. OH, MI, WI, and MN