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FamilyScientific Name Common NameHabitatDistributionImage
LamiaceaeMonarda austroappalachianaOcoee BeebalmTalus and ledges.Low elevations in the Southern Appalachian Mountains, of se. TN and n. GA (attribution to extreme sw. NC is uncertain).image of plant
LamiaceaeMonarda bradburianaBradbury BeebalmMesic and dry woodlands and forests.IN west to e. KS, south through KY, TN, and MO to AL, AR, and OK.image of plant
LamiaceaeMonarda brevisSmoke Hole Bergamot, Cedar Glade BergamotLimestone outcrops, cliffs, barrens, and glades, and on limestone talus.Apparently endemic to w. VA (Giles County) and e. WV.image of plant
LamiaceaeMonarda citriodora var. citriodoraLemon BergamotPrairies, oak savannas, roadsides, other disturbed places.IL, MO, KS south to AL, MS, LA, TX, NM, and Mexico; also naturalized outside that range (the native distribution unclear).image of plant
LamiaceaeMonarda citriodora var. parvaSouth Texas Lemon BergamotHeavy clay soils.S. TX.
LamiaceaeMonarda clinopodiaBasil Bergamot, Basil BeebalmMesic, forested slopes.NJ, w. NY, and IL, south to n. GA and c. AL (some of the range perhaps accountable to cultivation)image of plant
LamiaceaeMonarda clinopodioidesBasil BeebalmSandy prairies and other open areas.Sc. KS south to c. LA, sc. TX, and wc. TX.image of plant
LamiaceaeMonarda didymaScarlet Beebalm, Oswego TeaSeepage slopes, periglacial boulderfields with abundant seepage, streambanks, boggy places, usually in strong to moderately filtered sunlight.ME west to MI, south to PA and OH, and in the Appalachians south to sw. NC, se. TN, and ne. GA (part of the northern range is likely only by introduction).image of plant
LamiaceaeMonarda fistulosa var. fistulosaAppalachian BergamotMoist wooded slopes, roadsides, woodland edges, old fields.CT south to sw. NC, nearly or entirely limited to the Appalachians.image of plant
LamiaceaeMonarda fistulosa var. mollisEastern Bergamot, Pale Wild BergamotMoist wooded slopes, edges of calcareous prairies.ME west to MN, south to GA, AL, MS, and se. TX.
LamiaceaeMonarda fistulosa var. rubraPurple BergamotMoist slope forests.ME to NJ, and from nw. NC to n. GA, in the Appalachians.image of plant
LamiaceaeMonarda fruticulosaDwarf-shrubby Beebalm, HorsemintDeep sands, dunes, oak and pine-oak woodlands, prairies, mesquital.S. TX Plains.
LamiaceaeMonarda lindheimeriLindheimer's BeebalmWoodlands on sandy or gravelly limestone soil.Sw. AR and ne. TX south to sw. LA and e. TX.image of plant
LamiaceaeMonarda luteolaYellow BeebalmWeches Geologic Formation of northeast Texas and adjacent Miller County, Arkansas; also rocky, fire-maintained oak-pine savannas in the Arkansas Valley (Fort Chaffee).Endemic to ne. TX and w. AR.image of plant
LamiaceaeMonarda maritimaSeaside BeebalmDeep sands of dunes.Se. and s. TX.
LamiaceaeMonarda mediaPurple BeebalmNorthern hardwoods forests, spruce-fir forest openings, other moist slopes, mostly at high elevations.VT west to IN, south to w. MD; disjunct in w. NC and sw. TN, part of the range perhaps the result of cultivation.image of plant
LamiaceaeMonarda pectinataPlains BeebalmUpland prairies, in sandy or gravelly soil.SD and se. WY south to ec. TX, NM, AZ, s. CA, and Mexico.
LamiaceaeMonarda punctata var. correlliiTamaulipan Horsemint
LamiaceaeMonarda punctata var. intermediaEast Texas HorsemintE. and c. TX.
LamiaceaeMonarda punctata var. lasiodontaPlumetooth BeebalmNe. TX and OK south to s. TX and Mexico (TAM).
LamiaceaeMonarda punctata var. punctataEastern HorsemintMaritime forests, dunes, roadsides, rocky or sandy woodlands.NJ to s. FL, west to TX, mainly on the Coastal Plain, but extending inland.image of plant
LamiaceaeMonarda russelianaWhite BeebalmOpen areas and woodlands.AR and OK south to ne. TX; disjunct east of the Mississippi River in AL and KY.image of plant
LamiaceaeMonarda species 1Shale Bergamotimage of plant
LamiaceaeMonarda species 2 [=arkansana]Arkansas Horse-mintDryish woodlands over calcareous or mafic rocks.C. and s. AR south nw. LA and ne. TX; disjunct eastwards in n. GA and sw. NC. McClintock & Epling (1942) map and discuss this taxon as endemic to AR and immediately adjacent TX, but mention that "a specimen collected near Columbus, Polk County, North Carolina (Townsend, 1897) is scarcely different from subsp. arkansana". Scora (1967) treats var. arkansana as similarly endemic, though he cites (but does not map) a specimen from Cherokee County, GA and annotated (following the publication of his paper) a later collection from Polk County, NC as var. arkansana. The Polk County, NC material is manifestly var. arkansana and might be considered merely aberrant or a chance introduction, were it not for its repeated collection and the phytogeographic interest of the Blue Ridge Escarpment of Polk County, which harbors several Ozarkian and other Midwestern disjuncts, such as Melanthium woodii.image of plant
LamiaceaeMonarda species 3 [=occidentalis]Western Horse-mintSandy areas.KS south to MO, ec. TX, and NM; scattered eastwards in MO and s. IL as a likely introduction.image of plant
LamiaceaeMonarda species 4 [=villicaulis]Hairy-stem HorsemintSandy fields, dunes, prairies, and woodlands.NY west to MN, south to TN, AR, and OK.
LamiaceaeMonarda species 5Longleaf pine sandhills, dry pine flatwoods, dunes.Ne. SC (Horry County) south to nc. peninsular FL (Hernando and Citrus counties).
LamiaceaeMonarda stanfieldiiStanfield's Horsemint, San Marcos HorsemintSand or sandy loam (derived from granite) of woodlands, roadsides, and fields.C. TX.
LamiaceaeMonarda stipitatoglandulosaOuachita BeebalmRocky woodlands and outcrops, over limestone, chert, sandstone, and shale.AR and e. OK, in the Ouachita Mountains and outlying areas.
LamiaceaeMonarda viridissimaGreen BeebalmSandy oak woodlands and sandy roadsides.Endemic to ec. Texasimage of plant

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