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FamilyScientific Name Common NameHabitatDistributionImage
SmilacaceaeSmilax auriculataDune GreenbriarDunes on barrier islands, maritime scrub and thickets, dry sandy openings in maritime forests or sandhills (northward, as in the Carolinas, limited to sites near the coast).E. NC (Dare County) south to s. FL and west to e. LA; Bahama Islands.image of plant
SmilacaceaeSmilax biltmoreanaBiltmore CarrionflowerDry forests (such as dry pine ridges and chestnut oak forests) and moist forests.The species is apparently limited to NC, SC, and GA, primarily in the Blue Ridge Escarpment region, with disjunct occurrences in Panhandle FL, s. AL, and allegedly c. KY and c. TN (Kartesz 2020).image of plant
SmilacaceaeSmilax bona-nox var. bona-noxStretchberry, Fringed Greenbriar, Catbriar, Tramp's-troubleDry to mesic forests and woodlands, bottomland and riparian forests, bluffs, hardwood flatwoods, pine flatwoods, prairies, old fields, fencerows, pastures, roadsides.MD and MO south to s. FL and TX; also in e. and s. Mexico.image of plant
SmilacaceaeSmilax ecirrataUpright CarrionflowerForests.N. OH, MI, WI, and s. MN south to w. VA, TN, s. IL, MO, and e. OK.image of plant
SmilacaceaeSmilax glaucaWhiteleaf Greenbriar, Wild SarsaparillaDry to mesic forests and woodlands, bottomland and riparian forests, bluffs, hardwood flatwoods, pine flatwoods, prairies, old fields, fencerows, pastures, roadsides; uncommon in wetlands.NJ, c. PA, OH, IN, MO, and KS, south to c. peninsular FL and TX, and also in e. and s. Mexico.image of plant
SmilacaceaeSmilax herbaceaCommon Carrionflower, Smooth CarrionflowerMoist deciduous forests.Centered in the Appalachian Mountains, from QC and ME west to MI, south to AL, GA, and TN.image of plant
SmilacaceaeSmilax hispida var. hispidaBristly Greenbriar, Hellfetter, Chinaroot, ChaneyrootBottomland, riparian, and mesic upland forests, especially along brownwater rivers, and in other situations with relatively high pH and nutrients.CT, NY, MN, and NE south to GA and ne. TX.image of plant
SmilacaceaeSmilax hugeriHuger's CarrionflowerMoist deciduous forests.S. NC and e. and c. KY south through SC, GA, and AL to Panhandle FL.image of plant
SmilacaceaeSmilax lasioneuraMidwestern CarrionflowerMoist deciduous forests, hammocks, bluff forests, pine-oak hickory submesic forests and woodlands, rich beech-magnolia forests on lower slopes, perhaps only over mafic or calcareous rocks.ON and MT south to w. VA (?), w. NC, Panhandle FL, MS, OK, and CO.image of plant
SmilacaceaeSmilax laurifoliaBlaspheme-vine, Bamboo-vine, Laurel-leaf GreenbriarPocosins, swamp forests, wooded seeps and bogs, swamps, and other wetlands, often with groundwater influence.Primarily a Southeastern Coastal Plain species, from NJ south to s. FL, west to w. TN, AR, and e. TX, but with substantial distribution inland in the "hard-rock" provinces; Bahamas and Cuba.image of plant
SmilacaceaeSmilax pseudochinaCoastal CarrionflowerPocosins, swamp forests, edges of pine savannas.An Atlantic Coastal Plain endemic: NJ, se. PA, and DE south to e. GA.image of plant
SmilacaceaeSmilax pulverulentaDowny CarrionflowerMoist to dry deciduous forests, especially over mafic or calcareous rocks.Se. NY, se. and sc. PA, IN, MO, and e. KS south to NC, TN, and AR.image of plant
SmilacaceaeSmilax pumilaSarsaparilla-vine, Dwarf SmilaxMesic to dryish hammocks and bluffs, sandy forests along streams, northward primarily in maritime-influenced mainland forests.Ne. SC (within a few hundred meters of Brunswick County, NC) to c. peninsular FL and west to TX. It occurs on Colkins Neck, along the NC-SC border, in maritime-influenced forests with southern affinities, now largely destroyed by golf-course development.image of plant
SmilacaceaeSmilax rotundifoliaCommon Greenbriar, Bullbriar, HorsebriarDry-mesic to mesic forests and woodlands, bottomland and riparian forests, swamps, pond margins, bluffs, flatwoods, prairies, old fields, fencerows, pastures, roadsides.NS, s. ON, nc. IL, and c. MO south to n. FL and e. TX.image of plant
SmilacaceaeSmilax smalliiJacksonbriarBottomland and riparian forests, upland forests, hardwood flatwoods, pine flatwoods, wooded seeps, stream banks, roadsides.Ne. NC (se. VA?) to c. peninsular FL, west to s. AR and e. TX, primarily on the Coastal Plain.image of plant
SmilacaceaeSmilax walteriCoral Greenbriar, Red-berried Swamp SmilaxSwamp forests, bogs, wooded seeps, often where submersed for at least part of the year.NJ south to c. peninsular FL and west to TN, AR, and TX.image of plant
SmilacaceaeSmilax leptantheraWarm Springs CarrionflowerMoist forests.So far as known, endemic to wc. GA (type locality is Warm Springs, Meriwether County, in the lower Piedmont).
SmilacaceaeSmilax bona-nox var. littoralisMaritime CatbriarDunes, maritime thickets, maritime forests.E. VA south to c. FL, west to Panhandle FL and s. AL.image of plant
SmilacaceaeSmilax illinoensisIllinois CarrionflowerMesic forests.MI west to MN, south to sw. OH, s. IN, s. IL, and e. MO.image of plant
SmilacaceaeSmilax havanensisHavana Greenbriar, Chaney-vinePine rocklands, rockland hammocks, marl prairies, coastal hammocks (on sand).S. FL; West Indies (Bahamas, Cuba, Caymans, Hispaniola).image of plant
SmilacaceaeSmilax hispida var. australisSouthern Bristly GreenbriarSwamps, rich moist or dry forests and woodlands.E. NC south to s. FL, west to e. TX.image of plant

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