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FamilyScientific Name Common NameHabitatDistributionImage
SolanaceaeSolanum americanumAmerican Black NightshadeHammocks, marsh edges, shell middens, disturbed areas.E. GA (and SC?) south to s. FL, west to e. TX; western North America, Mexico, Central America, South America; Old World tropics and subtropics; the original area of nativity obscure.image of plant
SolanaceaeSolanum capsicoidesSoda Apple, CockroachberryDisturbed areas, open woodlands.Native of tropical America. The nativity of this species in the Southeast is uncertain.image of plant
SolanaceaeSolanum carolinense var. carolinenseCarolina Horse-nettle, Ball-nettleFields, gardens, disturbed areas.ME and MN, south to s. FL and TX; naturalized well beyond this area, and the original native distribution unclear.image of plant
SolanaceaeSolanum carolinense var. floridanumFlorida Horse-nettleLongleaf pine sandhills, dry hammocks, maritime forests, riverbanks, disturbed areas.S. GA (and se. SC) to n. peninsular FL.image of plant
SolanaceaeSolanum dimidiatumTexas Horse-nettlePrairies, sandy soils, eastwards in disturbed areas.KS south to TX and Mexico (COA); perhaps the native distribution more extensive.image of plant
SolanaceaeSolanum dulcamaraBittersweet, Climbing NightshadeDisturbed areas.Native of Europe.image of plant
SolanaceaeSolanum elaeagnifoliumSilverleaf Nightshade, White Horse-nettleGlades, prairies, thickets, fencerows, pastures, disturbed areas.W. MO west to CA, south to w. LA and Mexico (many states); the native distribution highly conjectural.image of plant
SolanaceaeSolanum lycopersicumTomatoPersistent and weakly naturalized around gardens, especially where compost or sewage sludge is spread, commonly cultivated, rare as a naturalized species.Native of Andean South America.image of plant
SolanaceaeSolanum pseudocapsicumJerusalem-CherryDisturbed areas, sandbars, bottomland hardwood forests.Native of Mediterranean Europe. See Harper & Diamond (2021) for discussion of occurrences and habitats in Alabama.image of plant
SolanaceaeSolanum pseudogracileDune NightshadeOcean dunes, usually with Uniola paniculata, maritime forests.E. NC south to s. FL, west to s. MS (or w. LA?).image of plant
SolanaceaeSolanum emulansEastern Black NightshadeForests, roadsides, gardens, river banks, shores, disturbed areas.NL west to SK, south to s. FL and e. TX; reports from s. TX and Mexico are apparently based on other taxa.image of plant
SolanaceaeSolanum pumilumDwarf Horse-nettleDolomitic glades, amphibolite glades.Known from dolomitic Ketona glades in Bibb County, c. AL (Allison & Stevens 2001) and (?) historically in GA (GAHP).image of plant
SolanaceaeSolanum rostratumBuffalo-bur, Kansas-thistle, Buffalo-bur NightshadeDisturbed areas, especially overgrazed pastures and feedlots.The native distribution obscure, at least in c. and w. United States and Mexico.image of plant
SolanaceaeSolanum sarrachoidesHairy Nightshade, Viscid NightshadeDisturbed areas.Native of South America. Works by Edmonds and associates have established that S. sarrachoides and S. physalifolium Rusby are two distinct species, but both are presently known from North America.image of plant
SolanaceaeSolanum sisymbriifoliumSticky NightshadeDisturbed areas.Native of South America.image of plant
SolanaceaeSolanum tuberosumPotato, Irish Potato, White PotatoCommonly cultivated, rarely escaped or spontaneous from thrown-out tubers.Native of Andean South America.image of plant
SolanaceaeSolanum viarumTropical Soda ApplePastures.Native of South America (s. Brazil, Paraguay, and n. Argentina). This species only appeared in our area a few decades ago, but has been publicized as a severe, extremely aggressive, and rapidly spreading weed (Wunderlin et al. 1993; Mullahey et al. 1993; Mullahey 1996).image of plant
SolanaceaeSolanum citrullifolium var. citrullifoliumWatermelon NightshadeDisturbed areas, roadsides.Native of c. and w. TX and Mexico (CHH, COA, DGO, SON, ZAC). Introduced in scattered states, including DE (Kartesz 1999) and Alachua County, FL (Wunderlin & Hansen 2008).
SolanaceaeSolanum melongenaEggplant, AuberginePlanted in gardens, rarely persistent (only southwards).Native of s. Asia.image of plant
SolanaceaeSolanum nigrescensBlack NightshadeDisturbed areas.FL, AL, MS, LA, and TX south through Mexico and Central America to n. South America; West Indies.image of plant
SolanaceaeSolanum nigrumEuropean Black NightshadeDisturbed areas.Native of Eurasia.image of plant
SolanaceaeSolanum torvumTurkey-berryDisturbed areas.Native of West Indies. Introduced in AL. MS report is from Weed Science Laboratory.
SolanaceaeSolanum triflorumCutleaf NightshadeDisturbed areas.Native of western North America and temperate South America. Introduced in c. TN.
SolanaceaeSolanum villosumHairy NightshadeDisturbed areas, most or all collections from ballast, probably only a waif.Native of the Old World tropics.image of plant
SolanaceaeSolanum diphyllumPaired-leaf NightshadeSuburban woodlands, disturbed areas, hammocks.Native of Mexico and Central America. MS report cultivated.image of plant
SolanaceaeSolanum erianthumPotato-tree, SalvadoraHammocks, thickets, open woodlands, disturbed areas.N. FL south to s. FL; s. TX, Mexico, Central America, and South America; West Indies.
SolanaceaeSolanum douglasiiGreen-spot NightshadeDisturbed areas.S. MS, LA, TX, NM, AZ, and CA south to s. Mexico.image of plant
SolanaceaeSolanum glaucophyllumWaxyleaf NightshadeDisturbed areas.Native of Argentina.
SolanaceaeSolanum bahamenseBahama Nightshade, CankerberryHammocks, dunes.S. FL; West Indies.image of plant
SolanaceaeSolanum interiusPlains Black NightshadePrairie ravines, stream valleys, open woodlands.IA, MN, MB, MT, ID and WA south to w. LA, e. TX, w. TX, NM, and UT.
SolanaceaeSolanum triquetrumTexas Nightshade, Hierba MoraSlopes, thickets, fencerows.Sc. OK, e. TX, nc. TX, and w. TX south into Mexico (CHH, COA, DGO, GTO, NLE, QRO, SLP, TAM, ZAC).
SolanaceaeSolanum perplexumOchlockonee Ground-cherryForest edges, fields, pastures, disturbed areas.Sw. GA, AL, nc. Peninsular FL; disjunct in w. MS.
SolanaceaeSolanum donianumMullein NightshadeCoastal berms, disturbed uplands, marl prairies, pine rocklands, rockland hammock.S. FL; West Indies (Cuba, Bahamas, Hispaniola); Mexico and Central America.
SolanaceaeSolanum jamaicenseJamaican NightshadeDisturbed upland areas.Native of the West Indies.
SolanaceaeSolanum mauritianumEarleaf NightshadeDisturbed hammocks, roadsides.Native of South America.
SolanaceaeSolanum seaforthianumBrazilian NightshadeDisturbed areas.Native of the West Indies.
SolanaceaeSolanum tampicenseAquatic Soda AppleStrand swamps, cypress domes, and other forested wetlands.Native of Mexico, Central America, and West Indies.
SolanaceaeSolanum umbellatumLanceleaf NightshadeDisturbed areas, hammock edges, pine rocklands.Native of tropical America.
SolanaceaeSolanum candidumFuzzyfruit Nightshade, Naranjilla Silvestre, ChichileguaDisturbed areas.Native of tropical America.
SolanaceaeSolanum adscendensSonoita Nightshadeimage of plant
SolanaceaeSolanum chenopodioidesBlack NightshadeBallast, ore piles, other disturbed areas.Native of s. South America.image of plant
SolanaceaeSolanum nitidibaccatumBlack NightshadePrairies, disturbed areas.Native of temperate South America and likely w. North America, perhaps as far east as nw. AR and e. TX.
SolanaceaeSolanum scabrumGarden HuckleberryCultivated, perhaps persistent as a waif.Native of tropical Africa.
SolanaceaeSolanum campechienseRedberry NightshadeS. TX south into s. Mexico; West Indies.image of plant
SolanaceaeSolanum virginianumYellow-fruit NightshadeWaif on ore piles.Native of s. Asia and w. Asia.

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