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FamilyScientific Name Common NameHabitatDistributionImage
TrilliaceaeTrillium catesbyiCatesby's Trillium, Bashful Trillium, Rosy Wake-robinBottomland forests, mesic slopes, cove forests.Nc. NC south to sw. GA and se. AL, north in the interior to n. AL and se. TN, centered in the Piedmont from NC to GA, but extending into the Mountains and Coastal Plainimage of plant
TrilliaceaeTrillium cernuumNorthern Nodding TrilliumMoist rich woods, seepage edges, damp forests with Fraxinus nigra and Ulmus americana, on mafic or calcareous substrates.NL (Newfoundland), Hudson Bay area, and se. SK south to n. VA, ne. WV, n. IN, n. IL, n. IA, and SD.image of plant
TrilliaceaeTrillium cuneatumSweet Betsy, Purple Toadshade, Large Toadshade, Wedge-petal Trillium, Bloody ButcherIn rich soils of cove forests, moist slopes, and bottomlands, usually over mafic or calcareous rocks, locally abundant.Nc. NC, c. KY, and s. IL south to sc. GA, sc. AL, and s. MS. Sometimes spreading from cultivation outside of this area.image of plant
TrilliaceaeTrillium decipiensChattahoochee Trillium, Deceptive TrilliumMoist forests.FL Panhandle (Jackson and Walton counties) and sc. AL east to ec. GA. Material in Abbeville County, SC, previously attributed here is under study.image of plant
TrilliaceaeTrillium decumbensDecumbent TrilliumMoist forests.Se. TN (Chester et al. 1993) south and west to nw. GA and nc. AL; it should be sought in extreme sw. NC, an extremely "under-botanized" area.image of plant
TrilliaceaeTrillium delicatumOcmulgee Trillium, Oaky Woods TrilliumRich, mesic, deciduous forests.Known from five scattered populations in the c. and sw. GA Piedmont (Harris and Muscogee counties) and upper Coastal Plain (Houston, Bleckley, and Greene counties), in the Ocmulgee and Oconee River drainages.image of plant
TrilliaceaeTrillium discolorPale Yellow Trillium, Pale Trillium, Small Yellow ToadshadeRich cove and bluff forests, restricted to the Savannah River drainage; rare.Endemic to the Savannah River drainage of nw. SC, ne. GA, and sw. NC, occurring in the Blue Ridge and Piedmont. In NC it is restricted to a few sites along the Whitewater and Thompson Rivers.image of plant
TrilliaceaeTrillium erectumRed Trillium, Purple Trillium, Stinking Willie, Stinking Benjamin, Wake-robinWooded slopes, usually at middle to high elevations.NB, QC, and MI south to w. NC, nw. SC, n. GA, e. TN, IN, and se. WI.image of plant
TrilliaceaeTrillium flexipesBent White TrilliumMoist coves over mafic or calcareous rocks.E. PA, s. ON and s. MN south to w. NC, nw. GA, n. AL, ne. MS (Tishomingo County), mostly west of the Blue Ridge, but scattered in the Blue Ridge of NC, and disjunct east of the Blue Ridge in DE, PA, and MD.image of plant
TrilliaceaeTrillium foetidissimumStinking Wake-robinBluffs, ravines, bottomlands.MS west to LA.image of plant
TrilliaceaeTrillium georgianumGeorgia Least TrilliumHardwood flatwoods.Endemic to n. GA.image of plant
TrilliaceaeTrillium gracileSlender Trillium, Graceful TrilliumRich bottomland and slope forests.W. LA and e. TX.image of plant
TrilliaceaeTrillium grandiflorumLarge-flowered Trillium, White Trillium, Great White TrilliumRich coves and mesic slopes, also less typically on ridges over "rich" rock types.S. QC, s. ON, MI, and MN, south to NJ, c. NC, nw. SC, n. GA, n. AL, s. IL, and IA.image of plant
TrilliaceaeTrillium lancifoliumLanceleaf Trillium, Narrowleaf TrilliumRich forests over marble, limestone, and other calcareous substrates, floodplain forests.Se. TN south through w. GA and AL to Panhandle FL and se. AL. MS report is a false report -- misidentified T. stamineum. Material previously referred to this species from Kershaw County, SC represents T. oostingii.image of plant
TrilliaceaeTrillium ludovicianumLouisiana Wake-robinFloodplains, streambanks, ravine forests.MS west to e. TX. Reports of this species for AL are based on specimens of Trillium species 3.image of plant
TrilliaceaeTrillium luteumYellow Trillium, Yellow Toadshade, Wax Trillium, Lemon-scented TrilliumMoist coves over mafic or calcareous rocks, locally abundant in the vicinity of the Great Smokies.Nearly endemic to the Southern Appalachians: w. NC, e. TN, nw. GA, and se. KY, allegedly disjunct in c. AL (planted and naturalized in Frederick County, VA, and elsewhere, as in MD and PA).image of plant
TrilliaceaeTrillium maculatumMottled Trillium, Spotted TrilliumRich forests and floodplains, over calcareous materials such as coquina limestone ("marl") or on shell middens.S. SC south to n. FL, west to sc. ALimage of plant
TrilliaceaeTrillium nivaleSnow Trillium, Dwarf White TrilliumRocky, calcareous forests, characteristically growing very near rock outcrops or boulders. Further north growing in a variety of moist, rich woods, especially in alluvial or riparian situations.MA, sw. PA, MI, WI, s. MN, and e. SD south to n. VA, KY, s. IN, s. IL, s. MO, and se. NE.image of plant
TrilliaceaeTrillium oostingiiWateree River TrilliumRich bottomland forests.So far as is known, endemic to Kershaw and Richland counties, SC, along the Wateree River.image of plant
TrilliaceaeTrillium persistensPersistent Trillium, Edna's TrilliumAcidic forests with hemlocks and heaths.Endemic to a short stretch of the Tallulah-Tugaloo river system in nw. SC and ne. GA.image of plant
TrilliaceaeTrillium pusillum var. 1Alabama Least TrilliumSwamps and floodplains.C. TN south to n. AL.image of plant
TrilliaceaeTrillium pusillum var. 3Aiken Least TrilliumSeepage bogs.Endemic to sc. SC.
TrilliaceaeTrillium pusillum var. 4Carolina Least TrilliumSwampy forests, bottomland forests along small streams in the upper Coastal Plain and Piedmont-Coastal Plain fall-line transition zone.E. NC (upper Coastal Plain and adjacent Piedmont), moist mafic areas in Grayson Co. VA.
TrilliaceaeTrillium pusillum var. 5Dismal Swamp Least TrilliumSwampy forests.E. MD south to ne. NC.
TrilliaceaeTrillium pusillum var. monticulumAppalachian Least TrilliumDry to dry-mesic forests and woodlands, moist forests along small mountain streams.Endemic to nw. VA, e. WV, and w. MD.
TrilliaceaeTrillium pusillum var. ozarkanumOzark Least TrilliumDry to dry-mesic slopes, in NC under Quercus coccinea and Kalmia latifolia.Centered in the Ozarks of sw. MO, nw. AR, and e. OK; disjunct eastward at scattered localities in sc. KY, nc. TN, sw. NC, and s. MS.image of plant
TrilliaceaeTrillium pusillum var. pusillumCarolina Least Trillium, Carolina Dwarf TrilliumEcotones of calcareous savannas and swamp forests in the lower Coastal Plain.Endemic to the outer Coastal Plain of e. NC and e. SC.image of plant
TrilliaceaeTrillium pusillum var. virginianumVirginia Least Trillium, Virginia Dwarf TrilliumBottomland forests along small streams in the upper Coastal Plain, swamps and bottomland forests, also mesic beech islands in swamp forests.Var. virginianum occurs in the Coastal Plain of se. VA.image of plant
TrilliaceaeTrillium recurvatumPrairie Trillium, Recurved Trillium, Prairie Wake-robinRich soils over calcareous or mafic rocks.W. OH west to s. MI, s. WI, and e. IA, south to c. TN, c. AL, c. MS, n. LA, and e. TX; disjunct in the Cumberland Plateau of e. TN, e. KY, and the Blue Ridge and w. Piedmont of NC. The two known NC occurrences (Catawba and Madison counties) appear to be native.image of plant
TrilliaceaeTrillium reliquumRelict TrilliumRich forests on bluffs and ravine slopes.Known from two disjunct areas, along the Savannah River in the vicinity of Augusta, on the border of SC (Aiken and Edgefield counties) and GA (Richmond county), and along the Chattahoochee River and tributaries in sw. GA (Clay and Early counties) and se. AL (Lee, Bullock, and Henry counties). It also occurs in scattered locations in the upper coastal plain of GA in the drainages of the Chattahoochee, Flint, Ocmulgee, Oconee, and Savannah River drainages (S. Bowling, pers. comm., 2023).image of plant
TrilliaceaeTrillium rugeliiSouthern Nodding TrilliumRich woodlands and forests over mafic or calcareous rocks.W. NC and e. TN south to c. GA, and c. ALimage of plant
TrilliaceaeTrillium sessileSessile Trillium, Sessile Toadshade, Toad TrilliumRich forests.Primarily a species of the northern Midwest, T. sessile ranges from w. NY, s. MI, n. IL, n. MO, and e. KS south to e. VA, ne. NC, c. TN, n. AL, AR, and e. OK. The easternmost occurrences are disjunct populations east of the Blue Ridge, in MD, VA, and along the Roanoke River in ne. NC (where limited to very rich soils of natural levees and lower slopes along the Roanoke River).image of plant
TrilliaceaeTrillium simileSweet White TrilliumVery rich soils of slopes and coves over mafic or calcareous rocks, often also in or near seepage.A Southern Appalachian endemic: Blue Ridge and uppermost Piedmont of w. NC, nw. SC, e. TN, and n. GA.image of plant
TrilliaceaeTrillium species 2Amicalola TrilliumRich forests.N. GA and nw. SC.image of plant
TrilliaceaeTrillium species 3Lookout Mountain Trillium, Ruby Falls Trillium, Freeman's TrilliumRich forests.Endemic to the Lookout Mountain region of nw. GA, se. TN, and ne. AL
TrilliaceaeTrillium species 4Radiant TrilliumRich coves and other rich mesic forests.Endemic to ne. AL, nw. GA, and se TN.
TrilliaceaeTrillium stamineumTwisted Trillium, Helicopter TrilliumFloodplains, slopes, especially over limestone.Sw. KY (Logan and Todd counties; Brock 2020) and c. TN (Chester et al. 1993) south to c. AL and e. MS.image of plant
TrilliaceaeTrillium sulcatumSouthern Red Trillium, Barksdale’s TrilliumCoves and moist slopes.Primarily a species of the sedimentary rock Appalachians, T. sulcatum ranges from s. WV, sw. VA, and e. KY south to nw. NC (where it enters the Blue Ridge), w. TN, nw. GA, and ne. ALimage of plant
TrilliaceaeTrillium tennesseenseTennessee TrilliumRich forests over Sevier Shale.Endemic to Hamblen and Greene counties, TN.image of plant
TrilliaceaeTrillium texanumTexas TrilliumBaygalls, acid seeps and bogs, hardwood slopes; "ground layer in acid hardwood bottoms and lower slopes, often in or downslope from acid sphagneous hillside seeps" (Carr 2016).Nw. LA, sw. AR, and e. TX.image of plant
TrilliaceaeTrillium underwoodiiUnderwood's TrilliumMoist forests.N. FL north to c. GA and c. and s. AL.image of plant
TrilliaceaeTrillium vaseyiSweet Trillium, Vasey’s Trillium, Sweet BethCove forests, other rich forests.This species is a Southern Appalachian endemic: w. NC and e. TN south to nw. SC, n. GA, and ne. AL, but extending south into the Coastal Plain of GA and ALimage of plant
TrilliaceaeTrillium virideGreen TrilliumRich bottomland and slope forests, usually over calcareous rock.W. IL west to e. MO.image of plant
TrilliaceaeTrillium viridescensOzark Green TrilliumRich bottomland and slope forests, mainly over calcareous rocks.S. MO and se. KS south to c. and sw. AR, ne. TX, and se. OK.

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