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FamilyScientific Name Common NameHabitatDistributionImage
XyridaceaeXyris ambiguaCoastal Plain Yellow-eyed-grassWet pine savannas and flatwoods, pinelands, edges of depression ponds.Se. VA south to s. FL, west to AL and ec. TX, primarily on the Coastal Plain; also West Indies (Cuba), and Mexico south into Central America.image of plant
XyridaceaeXyris baldwinianaGrassleaf Yellow-eyed-grass, Baldwin's Yellow-eyed-grassWet pine savannas, seepage bogs, sandhill seeps, wet savanna ecotones.Se. NC south to n. peninsular FL, west to s. AR and ec. TX, primarily on the Coastal Plain; also s. Mexico and Central America.image of plant
XyridaceaeXyris brevifoliaShortleaf Yellow-eyed-grassWet sands of pinelands, especially seasonally wet, open, white sands of spodosol longleaf pine flatwoods (Leon series soils), margins of Carolina bay sandrims.Se. NC south to s. FL, west to s. AL and w. FL; West Indies and South America.image of plant
XyridaceaeXyris calcicolaLimestone Yellow-eyed-grassWet calcareous savannas and flatwoods.C. and s. peninsular FL; disjunct in ne. FL (Baker County; Wunderlin & Hansen 2011).image of plant
XyridaceaeXyris carolinianaPineland Yellow-eyed-grassDry to moist pine pine flatwoods, moist pine savannas, longleaf pine sandhills.Se. VA south to s. FL, west to se. TX; disjunct in s. NJ; West Indies (Cuba).image of plant
XyridaceaeXyris chapmaniiChapman's Yellow-eyed-grassSandhill seepage bogs in areas of copious lateral seepage in deep muck soils, beaver pond margins.With a disjunct distribution in the Southeastern Coastal Plain: s. NJ (Moyer & Bridges 2015); sc. NC south to c. SC (in the fall-line Sandhills) (Sorrie, Van Eerden, & Russo 1997); wc. GA; Panhandle FL west through s. AL to s. MS; e. TX.image of plant
XyridaceaeXyris curtissiiCurtiss's Yellow-eyed-grassLongleaf pine savannas, inland in acid bogs and seeps.Se. VA south to ne. FL, FL Panhandle, and west to s. AR and ec. TX, primarily on the Coastal Plain; disjunct in w. SC in the uppermost Piedmont (Blue Ridge Escarpment region); disjunct in s. NJ; Central America (Belize).image of plant
XyridaceaeXyris difformisBog Yellow-eyed-grassPine savannas, roadside ditches, pond margins, acid seeps, bogs, other wet habitats.New England and s. Canada south to n. peninsular FL and ec. TX.image of plant
XyridaceaeXyris drummondiiDrummond's Yellow-eyed-grassWet pine flatwoods, ditches.Se. GA south to ne. FL, west to Panhandle FL and s. MS.image of plant
XyridaceaeXyris elliottiiElliott's Yellow-eyed-grassMargins of drawdown zones of clay-based Carolina bays, limesinks and flatwoods swales, wet savannas.E. SC south to s. FL, west to s. AL; Nicaragua, Belize, Mexico (Tabasco); West Indies; South America.image of plant
XyridaceaeXyris fimbriataFringed Yellow-eyed-grassIn mucky or sandy soils of upland depression ponds, also along sandhill streams, impoundments and in deep muck of sandhills seepage slopes often just below the zone occupied by Xyris chapmanii.Se. VA south to c. peninsular FL, west (interruptedly) to se. TX; disjunct in s. NJ, DE, and c. TN.image of plant
XyridaceaeXyris flabelliformisFanleaf Yellow-eyed-grassWet sands of pinelands, especially seasonally wet, open, white sands of spodosol longleaf pine flatwoods (Leon series soils), margins of Carolina bay sandrims.Se. NC south to s. FL, west to se. LA, on the Coastal Plain; Cuba.image of plant
XyridaceaeXyris floridanaFlorida Yellow-eyed-grassPine savannas, wet pine flatwoods, ditches.Se. NC south to s. FL, west to se. LA; Central America.image of plant
XyridaceaeXyris iridifoliaIrisleaf Yellow-eyed-grassMarshes, upland pond margins, blackwater river channels, floodplain pools, other wet habitats.Se. VA south to ne. FL and FL Panhandle, west to e. TX; disjunct in c. TN and Mexico.image of plant
XyridaceaeXyris isoetifoliaQuillwort-leaved Yellow-eyed-grassSeepage bogs, pine savannas, depression pond margins (with seepage), and (less typically) coastal scrubby flatwoods; often in the intermittently exposed, outer drawdown zones of depression pond margins in open saturated sands.Endemic to FL Panhandle and s. AL.image of plant
XyridaceaeXyris jupicaiRichard’s Yellow-eyed-grassAcid wetlands, ditches, various wet habitats.NJ south to s. FL, west to TN, AR, se. OK (Singhurst, Bridges, & Holmes 2007), and TX; Mexico, Central America, South America, West Indies.image of plant
XyridaceaeXyris longisepalaPanhandle Yellow-eyed-grass, Long-sepaled Yellow-eyed-grassDepression pond margins.Endemic to FL Panhandle and s. AL.image of plant
XyridaceaeXyris louisianicaLouisiana Yellow-eyed-grassPine savannas, bogs, ditches and disturbed areas.FL Panhandle west to se. TX.image of plant
XyridaceaeXyris panaceaSt. Marks Yellow-eyed-grassMucky depression ponds.Endemic to FL Panhandle (Wakulla County)image of plant
XyridaceaeXyris platylepisBulbous Yellow-eyed-grassSandhill seeps, pine savannas, ditches, rarely inland in acid seepage over rock.Se. VA south to s. FL, west to se. LA; disjunct in sw. LA and se. TX; disjunct in w. SC in the uppermost Piedmont in the Blue Ridge Escarpment region.image of plant
XyridaceaeXyris scabrifoliaRoughleaf Yellow-eyed-grassSandhill seepage bogs and wet pine savannas.Sc. and se. NC south to Panhandle FL, west to s. AL and s. MS; disjunct in sw. LA-se. TX.image of plant
XyridaceaeXyris serotinaGray-leaved Yellow-eyed-grassDepression meadows, ultisol savannas (Lynchburg/Rains complex or Eulonia/Oketee), ditches.Se. NC south to c. peninsular FL, west to s. MS, in the Coastal Plain.image of plant
XyridaceaeXyris smallianaSmall's Yellow-eyed-grassPond margins, ditches; often growing in standing water in the intermediate zones of basin marshes adjacent to Hypericum fasciculatum and Pontederia cordata [in peninsular FL].S. ME south to s. FL, west to s. MS; disjunct to se. TX; s. Mexico south into Central America; West Indies (Cuba).image of plant
XyridaceaeXyris strictaStrict Yellow-eyed-grassDepression ponds, depression meadows, borrow pits, ultisol pine savannas, and ditches.SC south to ne. FL and Panhandle FL, west to s. MS and se. LA. Reported for our area by Kral (1966b). P. McMillan (pers. comm.) reports this species from a number of locations in the outer Coastal Plain of NC and SC.image of plant
XyridaceaeXyris tennesseensisTennessee Yellow-eyed-grassSeepy, fenlike areas over limestone.TN, AL, and nw. GA (Jones & Coile 1988)image of plant
XyridaceaeXyris tortaTwisted Yellow-eyed-grass, Mountain Yellow-eyed-grassMountain bogs, seeps, marshes, streambanks, ditches.NH west to WI, south to e. VA, e. NC, w. SC, c. GA, LA, OK, and TX. This is one of the few species of Xyris in our area that is not strongly associated with the Coastal Plain.image of plant
XyridaceaeXyris spathifoliaKetona Yellow-eyed-grassSeeps over dolomite.Apparently endemic to Bibb County, c. AL.
XyridaceaeXyris correlliorumCorrells’ Yellow-eyed-grassLake margins and on floating mats; sometimes growing submerged in shallow water along lake margins.Endemic in c. FL peninsula (Highlands County).image of plant
XyridaceaeXyris montanaNorthern Yellow-eyed-grassBogs (especially in floating bog mats), poor fens, acidic seepage areas.NL west to ON, south to CY, NY (Long Island), ne. PA, s. MI, s. WI, n. MN.image of plant
XyridaceaeXyris stenoteraMargins of drawdown zones of clay-based Carolina bays, limesinks.Endemic to FL peninsula.image of plant
XyridaceaeXyris bracteicaulisBracted Yellow-eyed GrassCoastal Plain pondshore.Apparently endemic to Long Island, NY.image of plant

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