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FamilyScientific Name Common NameHabitatDistributionImage
RutaceaeZanthoxylum americanumNorthern Toothache Tree, Northern Prickly-ashWoodlands, forests, and glade margins over calcareous or mafic rocks, often forming extensive colonies near outcrops. Sometimes planted.S. QC west to e. ND, south to e. SC (a single site known in the state), c. GA, Panhandle FL, e. TN, c. TN, and OK; disjunct in ne. Mexico (NLE, TAM).image of plant
RutaceaeZanthoxylum clava-herculisSouthern Toothache Tree, Hercules'-club, Sea-ash, Southern Prickly-ash, Pepper-bark, Tickle-tongueMaritime forests, dunes, shell middens, shell hammocks, maritime scrub, inland (in FL and GA) in hammocks.A Southeastern Coastal Plain endemic: se. VA south to s. FL and west to TX, AR, and OK. In the northern part of its distribution, it is restricted to the outer Coastal Plain, nearly entirely on barrier islands.image of plant
RutaceaeZanthoxylum fagaraWild Lime, Colima, Lime Prickly-ash, Uña de Gato, Correosa, SatinwoodCoastal hammocks, inland hammocks with (usually) calcareous influence.N. FL peninsula (Citrus, Marion, and Flagler counties) south to s. FL; West Indies; se. and s. TX south through Mexico and Central America.
RutaceaeZanthoxylum flavumWest Indian Satinwood, Yellowwood, YellowheartRockland hammocks, coastal berms.S. FL (Monroe County keys); West Indies.image of plant
RutaceaeZanthoxylum hirsutumTexas Hercules'-clubSandy or rocky areas.Endemic to OK and TX, south onto COA.image of plant
RutaceaeZanthoxylum simulansSichuan Pepper, Chinese Prickly-ashPlanted horticulturally, rarely persistent or weakly spreading from horticultural use.Native of e. Asia.image of plant
RutaceaeZanthoxylum spinosumLeathery Prickly-ash, Doctor’s-club, Biscayne Prickly-ashMaritime hammocks.S. FL (Broward, Miami-Dade, and Monroe counties); West Indies (Bahamas, Cuba, Hispaniola, Cayman Islands).

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