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Cissus trifoliata (Linnaeus) Linnaeus. Marine-ivy, Sorrel-vine. Phen: Apr-Jun; Aug-Sep. Hab: Coastal hammocks, dunes, disturbed coastal areas, inland in exposed bluffs, glades, and rocky, open woodlands, disturbed thickets, agricultural field edges. Dist: Se. SC (Jasper County) south through GA, FL, and west along the Gulf Coast to TX, AR, and Mexico, thence south through Central America to South America; West Indies.

ID notes: The leaves have a strong fragrance reminiscent of stale chocolate, or also described as "a disagreeable, pungent, nitrogenous odor similar to that of jimson-weed" (Great Plains Flora Association 1986).

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Synonymy: = Ar, Bah, Fl3, FNA12, K1, K3, K4, Mex, WH3; = n/a – RAB; > Cissus acida L. – S13; > Cissus incisa (Nutt.) Des Moul. – F, GrPl, GW2, NcTx, S, S13, Tx, misapplied; > Cissus trifoliata (L.) L. – S

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: UPL
  • Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: UPL
  • Great Plains: FACU
  • Midwest: FAC

Heliophily ?: 8

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image of plant© Aidan Campos source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Aidan Campos source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Aidan Campos source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Aidan Campos source | Original Image ⭷

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