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Conocarpus erectus Linnaeus. Buttonwood, Button Mangrove. Phen: Jan-Dec. Hab: Tidal swamps, coastal woodlands, and interior into calcareous habitats including pine rocklands, marl prairies. Dist: N. FL peninsula southwards (from Volusia County on the east coast and Levy County on the west coast) to s. FL; widespread in the Neotropics north to s. TX (Nueces, Willacy, and Cameron counties); West Indies; w. Africa.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Synonymy: = Fl4, FNA10, GW2, K3, K4, Meso4.1, Mex, WH3; = Conocarpus erecta – S, S13, orthographic variant; > Conocarpus erecta var. erecta – SFla, orthographic variant; > Conocarpus erecta var. sericea DC. – SFla, orthographic variant; > Conocarpus erectus L. var. erectus – Bah; > Conocarpus erectus L. var. sericeus – Bah

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FACW
  • Great Plains: FACW

Heliophily ?: 7

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image of plant© Alan Cressler: Conocarpus erectus, near Rivera Oyster Bar, Punta Gorda, Charlotte County, Florida 1 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Keith Bradley | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plantno rights reserved, uploaded by Gail Langellotto source CC0 | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Aidan Campos source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Conocarpus erectus forest, Everglades National Park, Monroe County, Florida 1 by Alan Cressler source
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plantno rights reserved, uploaded by Gail Langellotto source CC0 | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Keith Bradley | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Weakley source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward, Conocarpus erectus "var. sericea"; Sanibel Island | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward, Conocarpus erectus "var. sericea"; Sanibel Island | Original Image ⭷

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