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Ilex cassine Linnaeus. Section: Cassinoides. Dahoon, Cassena. Phen: May-Jun; Oct-Nov. Hab: Blackwater stream swamps, pocosins, nearly always in very acid peaty or sandy sites. Dist: Primarily a Southeastern Coastal Plain endemic: se. NC south to s. FL and west to se. TX; Bahamas, Cuba (González-Gutiérrez 2007), and Mexico.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Taxonomy Comments: I. cassine is variable in leaf shape, sometimes approaching I. myrtifolia. Some populations in our area show intergradation with or poor differentiation from I. myrtifolia, lending some credibility to their treatment as varieties.

Synonymy: = Bah, GW2, S, S13, Clark (2023), Godfrey (1988); = Ilex cassine L. var. cassine – Fl7, RAB, WH3; = Ilex dahoon Walter; > Ilex cassine L. var. cassine – K3, K4; > Ilex cassine L. var. latifolia Aiton – K3, K4, Tx

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FACW
  • Northcentral & Northeast: FACW

Heliophily ?: 5

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image of plant© Aidan Campos source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Ilex cassine, Green Swamp, Hilochee Wildlife Management Area, Lake County, Florida 2 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷


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