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Rhynchospora macra (C.B. Clarke) Small. Southern White Beaksedge. Phen: Jul-Sep. Hab: Sphagnum bogs in frequently-burned streamhead pocosins, sandhill seepage bogs, highly acid, quaking peat bogs. Dist: Sc. NC south to ne. FL, FL Panhandle, and west to se. TX; Nicaragua; Puerto Rico. The occurrence of this species in NC and SC is discussed by Sorrie et al. (1997).

ID notes: R. macra is a robust southern relative of R. alba. Like R. alba and R. pallida, it has scales which are at first bright white, "fading" in age to a medium tan or light brown. These three species are thus superficially most distinctive (from other Rhynchospora) in June, July, and August. The bright white heads make this beaksedge stand out. R. alba looks nearly alike, but it has 10-12 bristles per achene (vs. 16-20 bristles); R. pallida has whitish to tan heads and distinctive, enlarged, rather bulbous bases.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Synonymy: = ETx1, FNA23, GW1, K1, K3, K4, Tx, WH3, Gale (1944), McMillan (2007); = n/a – RAB; = Rynchospora alba (L.) Vahl var. macra C.B.Clarke – S13; = Rynchospora macra – S

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Wetland Indicator Status:

  • Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: OBL
  • Great Plains: OBL

Heliophily ?: 8

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image of plant© Melanie Flood | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Bruce Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Patrick McMillan | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Paul Marcum source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Godfrey and Wooten 1979 | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷

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