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Key to Bignonia

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1 Corollas pink, the tube white or paler pink; tendrils simple; fresh foliage with garlic odor when bruised; [exotic, FL peninsula]
1 Corollas red to orange-red, sometimes with yellow as well; tendrils with 3 or more branches; fresh foliage not garlic-scented; [native, widespread in our region]

Key to Bignoniaceae

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1 Leaves simple; plant a tree or shrub.
..2 Leaves either cordate and < 2× as long as wide, or linear and > 10× as long as wide; leaves opposite, alternate, or 3-whorled (or a mixture of those arrangements); [collectively widespread in our area]; fruit a capsule (dehiscent), narrowly cylindrical, (9-) 14-30 (-36) cm long, < 1.5 cm in diameter; [tribe Catalpeae].
....3 Leaf blades heart-shaped and broadly ovoid to orbicular (< 2× as long as wide), with a cordate base; stamens 2; medium to large tree; [widespread in our region]
....3 Leaves linear (> 10× as long as wide, with a narrowly cuneate base; stamens 4; shrub to small tree; [TX westwards and southwestwards]
..2 Leaves spatulate to obovate, 2-6× as long as wide; leaves alternate (though sometimes closely fascicled on short (spur) shoots, with the arrangement difficult to discern); fruit a berry (indehiscent), spherical, elliptical, or obovoid, 5-35 cm long, 4-35 cm in diameter; [s. peninsular FL only in our region]; [tribe Crescentieae].
......4 Leaves obovate, mostly widest ½ to ¾ of the way from blade base to apex; leaves alternate and spaced along main branches; berry 5-12 cm long, elliptical or obovoid, the apex extended as a blunt point
......4 Leaves spatulate, mostly widest at a point > ¾ of the way from blade base to apex; leaves alternate but closely fascicled on short (spur) shoots, with the arrangement difficult to discern; berry 15-35 long, spherical, the apex smoothly rounded
1 Leaves compound; plant a liana, tree, or shrub.
........5 Leaves either all 2-foliolate, with a tendril in the terminal position (this often withered and absent on older leaves), or a mixture of 2-foliolate and 3-foliolate, with at least some leaves on a branch 2-foliolate; plant a liana; [tribe Bignonieae].
..........6 Leaflets <1.5× as long as wide, the venation subpalmate (usually with 5 veins palmate or nearly so at the blade base); leaf bases cordate to subcordate; leaf apices abruptly acuminate; corollas white or cream, with a yellow throat; fruit ellipsoid, 1.5-2.5× as long as wide, the surface strongly echinate; tendrils terminating in expanded adhesive disks
..........6 Leaflets 1.3-5× as long as wide, the venation pinnate; leaf bases cordate, subcordate, auriculate, truncate, rounded, or cuneate; leaf apices abruptly to gradually acuminate; corollas red, orange, bright yellow, or pink; fruit linear or ellipsoid, > 6× as long as wide, the surface smooth; tendrils narrowing to pointed tips.
............ 7 Tendrils hooked, claw-like, the 3 equal branches each with a stiff, sharply-pointed hook-like tip; corollas bright yellow on inside and outside
............ 7 Tendrils not hooked, not claw-like, the 3 or more branches usually unequal and flexuous when fresh (though sometimes curved at the tip).
............ ..8 Corollas pink, the tube white or paler pink; tendrils simple; fresh foliage with garlic odor when bruised; [exotic, FL peninsula]
............ ..8 Corollas red to orange-red, sometimes with yellow as well; tendrils with 3 or more branches; fresh foliage not garlic-scented; [collectively widespread].
............ ....9 Corollas red to red-orange, the corolla lobes often with a yellow inner surface; lower 3 corolla lobes each 1-1.5× as long as wide, the lateral 2 descending; pseudostipules leaflike, at petiole base, ovate or orbicular; corolla tube 1.5-3× as long as the diameter; [widespread native in our region, south to c. peninsular FL, and also cultivated]
............ ....9 Corollas uniformly red to red-orange; lower 3 corolla lobes 2-4× as long as wide, the lateral 2 born at 90 degrees to the lower and therefore at 180 degrees to one another; pseudostipules absent or minute; corolla tube 5-9× as long as the diameter; [exotic, FL peninsula]
........5 Leaves 3-many-foliolate; plant a tree, shrub, or liana.
............ ......10 Leaves palmately compound, with (3-) 5 (-7) leaflets; [exotic, FL peninsula]; [tribe Crescentieae].
............ ........11 Leaves, young branches and inflorescence with indumentum of simple, branched or stellate hairs; corollas yellow
............ ........11 Leaves, young branches and inflorescence with indumentum of stalked or sessile lepidote scales; corollas yellow or pink
............ ......10 Leaves pinnately or bipinnately compound, with (5-) 7-many leaflets; [collectively widespread in our region].
............ ..........12 Leaves bipinnately compound; trees; [FL peninsula].
............ ............ 13 Leaflets 0.3-1.2 cm long; corollas lavender-blue; [tribe Jacarandeae]
............ ............ 13 Leaflets 4-7 cm long; corollas white to pale yellow; [tribe Tecomeae]
............ ..........12 Leaves pinnately compound; shrubs, lianas, or trees; collectively widespread in our region].
............ ............ ..14 Leaflet margins entire; plant a tree; corolla campanulate; calyx splitting along the lower side, appearing spathe-like; [s. FL only]; [tribe Coleae]
............ ............ ..14 Leaflet margins serrate; plant a liana, shrub, or small tree; corolla tubular or funnel-like; calyx not splitting; [collectively widespread in our area, including FL peninsula]; [tribe Tecomeae].
............ ............ ....15 Plant a liana; [collectively widespread in our region].
............ ............ ......16 Corollas yellow or yellowish-orange; plants climbing by adventitious roots from the stems; [native, widespread in our region]
............ ............ ......16 Corollas pink, with purplish lines in the throat; calyx white to pink; plants not climbing by adventitious roots; [exotic, FL peninsula]
............ ............ ....15 Plant a shrub or small tree; [FL peninsula only; exotic].
............ ............ ........17 Corolla orange; corolla tube narrow, strongly curved-arching; leaflet margins coarsely serrate; leaflet apex rounded to sub-acute
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