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Palhinhaea cernua (Linnaeus) Vasconcellos & Franco. Nodding Clubmoss, Staghorn Clubmoss. Phen: Jun-Nov. Hab: Wet savannas, ditches and other disturbed moist areas. Dist: E. SC south to s. FL, west to s. AR and e. TX; Neotropics; Paleotropics.

Origin/Endemic status: Native

Taxonomy Comments: As circumscribed broadly, Palhinhaea cernua has a very wide distribution, but there are indications that it is likely a complex of semicryptic species.

Other Comments: Some of the occurrences in our area may be adventive and of short duration. MacRoberts et al. (2018) report on occurrences of this species in LA, e. TX, and s. AR.

Synonymy: = Ar, ETx1, FNA2, TxFerns, Øllgaard, Kessler, & Smith (2018); = Lycopodiella cernua (L.) Pic.Serm. – Fl1, Meso1, WH3; = Lycopodium cernuum L. – FoC, S13, Sf; = n/a – RAB; > Lycopodiella cernua (L.) Pic.Serm. var. cernua – K1; > Palhinhaea cernua (L.) Vasc. & Franco var. cernua – K3, K4

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image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Scott Ward | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Palhinhaea cernua, Camp 5, Gunung Mulu National Park, Sarawak, Malaysia 1 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© Alan Cressler: Palhinhaea cernua, Kaumana Trail, Mauna Loa 1855 Lava Flow, South Hilo District, Hawaii County, Hawaii 3 by Alan Cressler source | Original Image ⭷
image of plant© J.W. Hardin | Original Image ⭷

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