Flora of the Southeastern United States
2022 Edition


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Phragmites australis (Cavanilles) Trinius ex Steudel. Common Reed, Old World Reed. Phen: Aug-Oct. Hab: Brackish and freshwater marshes, dredge-spoil deposit islands, ditches. Dist: Native of Eurasia.

Origin/Endemic status: Paleotropics

Syn: = K4, NY, Haines (2010); = Phragmites australis ssp. australis – Ar, FlGr, Il, K3, Mi, Pa, Va, Saltonstall & Hauber (2007), Ward (2010); = Phragmites australis var. australis – FNA25, NE, Saltonstall, Peterson, & Soreng (2004); = Phragmites communis var. communis – F; < Phragmites australis – C, ETx1, GW1, K1, Mo1, NcTx, Tn; < Phragmites communis – G, HC, RAB, WV; < Phragmites phragmites – S

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image of plant© Gary P. Fleming [image randomly selected]
image of plant© Erik Danielson [image randomly selected]
image of plant© Bruce A. Sorrie [image randomly selected]