Hydrastis canadensis Linnaeus. Goldenseal, Tumeric. Phen: Apr-May; May-Jun. Hab: Mesic (rarely drier), very nutrient-rich forests, with circumneutral soils, over calcareous or mafic rocks such as limestone, amphibolite, and dolostone, sometimes forming large colonies after canopy disturbance such as logging. Dist: VT and MN south to w. and c. NC, nw. SC (Bradley et al. [in prep.]), n. GA, TN, and AR.
Origin/Endemic status: Native
Syn: = Ar, C, F, FNA3, G, Il, K1, K3, K4, Mi, NE, NY, Pa, RAB, S, Tn, Va, W, WV