Pinus rigida P. Miller. Subgenus: Pinus. Section: Trifoliae. Subsection: Australes. Phen: May; Sep-Oct. Hab: Southward primarily on dry ridges, more or less requiring fire for its reproduction, less commonly in peat soils of mountain bogs (and then often at elevations of 800-1000 m), northward (as in NJ) in acidic sandy and peaty soils near sea level, and also scattered through a variety of forest types. It is abundant near sea level in the Pine Barrens of NJ, but in NC is limited to the mountains and upper Piedmont; it is replaced in Coastal Plain fire-maintained wetland communities by the related Pinus serotina. Dist: S. Canada and s. ME south to n. GA.
Origin/Endemic status: Native
Synonymy: = C, F, FNA2, G, Il, K1, K3, K4, NE, NY, Pa, RAB, S, S13, Tat, Tn, Va, W, WV, Price (1989); = Pinus rigida Mill. ssp. rigida